2020 Year In Review

Enjoying a quiet moonlit night in the Snowy Range of Wyoming

This year was unlike any other I have experienced. The first 2.5 months were not so bad and I packed a lot of travel into a very short amount of time. Ending 2019 in Oregon for a couple weeks and being able to see my dad was a blessing. Mid Dec 2019 we were learning of what was happening in China, hoping it would stay there. That wasn’t the case. I arrived back home just after new years and got to spend some time with my family before embarking on a journey to Eastern Europe where I spent 8 days in Tallinn Estonia with a friend. While traveling back home we had a layover in Amsterdam and before getting on our plane we were asked if we had been to China or been in contact with anyone who had been in China. I’ll admit that I kind laughed it off at the time. I mean, modern science/medicine had taken care of all the deadly viruses, right? Wrong!

I was home for a couple days before taking off to Texas with my family to see a concert and visit friends on Feb 8th. Travel was easy, no restrictions and we Uber’ed all over Dallas that day in total freedom before arriving at American Airlines Stadium for a concert that was sold out. 20k people less than a foot apart for 4 hours… It was amazing and one of the best times I had with my family this year. Next up was Bandon, Oregon to teach a 4 days photography workshop on Feb 20th…Still no restrictions. We had great weather and really enjoyed our time on the southern Oregon Coast.. March 6th-9th we took off to Delaware for a little east coast time. No restrictions but there was quite a bit on the news about it… We got home on the 10th and it was only a few days later the world came to a screaming halt……And you know the rest of the story… Well here we are, 2020 is over and 2021 has begun.

I would be lying if I said 2020 was a horrible year for me…it wasn’t. Aside from not being able to host our workshops and not being able to eat out in restaurants, things weren’t all that bad. I work from home since I am self employed, the work I do do doesn’t involve many if any people and I got to spend more time with my family (Wife and daughter). We did have to cancel some travel plans, I have not seen my dad since Feb 2020 and I am really missing the beach.

All this being said, I did get to travel stateside and do quite a bit of photography on a personal level. This is one of the true joys of being a landscape/astro photographer. Since April I have been to Kansas x3, Nebraska x2, Iowa x2, Illinois, Wisconsin and South Dakota. So needless to say, I don’t let the grass grow under my feet.. People always say, “how can you do that?” “I wish I could do that.” Well, here is my secret. I travel alone, I pack my food before I leave and put it in a big cooler, my car gets about 50-60mpg and I sleep in my car 3 nights for each night I stay in a hotel. Trips that are 3 nights or less don’t require a hotel. I travel cheap and keep expenses low. This helps me pass on the great deals to those of you who purchase prints.

So like last year’s blog post I am going to do the same thing this year. I will showcase a couple/few images for each month of the year and talk a little about them. There is no way I could pick 10 or 12 images that would properly tell my yearly story. Without further ado, let’s get to the photography!


Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 32mm, ISO 64, F/9, 3 seconds

“Monks Alley” AKA St. Catherine’s Passage

Tallinn Estonia – Built over 700 years ago and lined with predominantly 15th-17th century residences. It has a wonderful medieval atmosphere and was last restored in 1995. As I mentioned above, I like to travel alone or with very few people for photography trips. It was only a friend an I on this trip but one of the reason we decided to travel to Estonia in the winter was because of how few people were there. I had seen images from a friend who traveled here the previous year and that was what sparked my interest. The stonework and evening light played well with each other and the lack of people walking down the alley made it pretty easy to capture a great image like this.

Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 32mm, ISO 31, F/11, 20 min single exposure

“Viru Gates”

If you look up Tallinn Estonia on the internet, I can promise you an image just like this will come up. This might be the most popular structure/view in Tallinn. The Viru gates, entrance into Old Town, were built in the 14th century and the 2 towers you see here are part of the orig structure. The main tower of the gates was built from 1345-1355. Just to my left was one of the most beautiful flower markets I had ever seen. The flowers were bursting with color and they had a little bit of everything to offer us. It’s hard to believe from this image but on the day we were here it was actually quite busy with people. It rained most of the time during our trip but this was a very nice day and I think all the locals came out as well. Why don’t you see anyone in this image, you ask? It’s a 20 min single exposure. In order to make sure none of the people were showing I had to shoot a super long exposure in the middle of the day. I used a 15 stop ND Filter, the lowest ISO on my camera and an F stop of 11 to allow me a long enough exposure that all the people would disappear.


Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm 2.8 Sport at 180mm, ISO 31, F/14, 0.6 seconds


I was so happy to get back to one of my favorite spots in the world. While visiting the beaches near Brookings, Oregon I found this unique overlook that gave way to a view of a secluded beach. You’d have to do some canyoneering to get down there. I used a long lens and shot several images as the waves came up and hit the rocks. This is only one small portion of the beach. I was fortunate enough to capture this wave just at the moment when it hit the rock and exploded. It’s hard to tell from this image but the splash is between 10-15 feet tall.

Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 35mm, ISO 31, F/10, 25 seconds

“Port Orford Pools”

During my Oregon Coast workshop, one of the evenings we visited the beaches of Port Orford, Oregon. Port Orford has always been a special place for me since the beginning of my travels to the southern Oregon Coast almost 20 years ago. It’s a gorgeous beach with very few people and nice views of the sea stacks. On this particular evening we visited during low tide which helped to create these pools of calm water in the sand. The tide was actually in the process of coming back in but we were able to take advantage of a wonderful sunset while the pools remained calm.

Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm 2.8 Sport at 200mm, ISO 200, F/3.2, 0.5 seconds

“Fire in the Hole”

Bandon, Oregon is a photographers dream….Shhh…don’t tell anyone… Actually I think the cat is out of the bag now and the dedicated ones are willing to travel to photograph its beauty. I joke about this because years ago it was rare that I would ever see anyone on the beaches of Bandon and now now there are more people. Lucky, the beach is rather large and expansive so you’re never close to people if you don’t want to be. Also, I do most of my work there in the late Fall and Winter so there are even fewer people. The southern Oregon Coast is far enough from any major cities that most of the people who live in those cities use their time to go to closer beaches..

In February the sun set at the right angle to shine its light through this opening in the rocks. The water also pounds its way through the rocks when the tide is coming in. When I saw what was happening I had to get a shot or at least try. This image is the result of knowing my camera, understanding the histogram and being able to use the correct shutter speed to keep the details in the water. Not only was timing crucial, I also had to make sure that I was exposed properly so that I could capture as much data without blowing anything out so I could properly process it when I got back home. A shot like this would not work well as an HDR because of the water moving. Trying to take several exposures to blend later would have been a lot of work too. In the end I decided on shooting it properly with one shot. Exposing for the highlights allowed me to capture all the data I needed to work with. When the water comes through the hole it can totally block out the sun before pushing out like you see here. It was a tricky image to shoot and I welcomed the challenge.


Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm 2.8 Sport at 98mm, ISO 1600, F/2.8, 1 second

“Moon, Venus & the 7 Sisters”

This year was filled with great things to see and photograph in the night skies. With Covid taking over the USA and things shutting down, it was time for me to stay close to home. By that I mean here in Colorado. With the uncertainty of everything going on I stuck very close to home. So close that I actually shot this image from my deck in Littleton, Colorado. When I was done I just went back inside. It was kinda nice but it doesn’t make for a great story and that’s life… I roll with the punches.

Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm at 16mm, ISO 8000, F/3.2, 15 seconds, 36 images stacked for Noise Reduction

“Rustic Nights”

I had learned about this barn about a year earlier and I kept looking at it on google maps trying to understand why I hadn’t seen any other images of it. It sits out in the middle of a field, nothing else around it and it faces north. This means that it’s in the perfect location to shoot the Milky Way over it. With a little planning from PhotoPills I was able to nail down a window of about a week that it would be good to go shoot it. I kept an eye on the weather and when I saw a good opening I went for it. Sure enough, middle of the field far far from anything or anyone else and right on time the Milky Way was rising into the perfect position. This was shot in March and I still have not seen any other images of it. I hope this barn sticks around for years to come…It looks like it has some good bones. I am looking forward to shooting it again this year. Jupiter, Mars and Saturn are just to the left of the tip of the barn.

Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm at 20mm, ISO 3200, F/2.8, 20 Seconds, 36 images stacked to reduce noise

“Spring Milky Way”

I always get a little giddy when late Winter, early Spring come around and the galactic core of our Milky Way shows itself just before sunrise. Again, I shot this image very close to my home on the first day of Spring at 4:30am. It was bone chilling cold as I was looking for a composition. I don’t generally shoot night stuff so close to my home so I had to doing a little scouting. I came across this fence that was going to have to work. During this time of the year if you don’t already have a place picked out or you’re late getting there, the sun will come up and the milky way will be gone. Again you can see Jupiter, Mars and Saturn on the left side of the scene.


Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm 2.8 Sport at 70mm, ISO 64, F/5.6, 1/200th second

“South Platte Snow”

Colorado seems to get more snow between Feb and May than it does between Nov and Jan. I can work with that. I prefer the snow over clear blue sky days anyway. During these snowstorms the skies are not always great but the snow creates lines and shapes that we can’t see otherwise. Not wanting to sit in the house and not being able to go much of anywhere I decided to head over to the State Park near my home. Never did I realize when I moved to Colorado that I would spend so much time at a State Park. Chatfield State Park is a 2 min drive and an easy “go to” spot when I just need some time outside to shoot. As I was driving around I looked back and this bend in the river caught my eye. I also liked how even in a snowstorm I could still see the warm colors of the bark on the tree on the left.

Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 95mm, ISO 64, F/7.1, 1/100th second

“Tree in the Fog”

This is another image from Chatifield Lake State Park. We have lived here in Colorado for almost 8 years now and on one hand I can count the times that I have seen fog in Colorado. I’m not sure if it’s just our location, but it doesn’t happen very often. When I entered the park and saw how thick the fog was I got excited. I already had in my head what types of shots I could get and was hoping for. Pre-visualization can be very important when doing photography. If you already know what you’re looking for or hope to achieve, it can make the shooting part of it easier. I was sure hoping to find a single tree like this and I did. The fog didn’t last long and as soon as I finished shooting this it started to burn off. The next image (below) was shot 3 min later.

Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 68mm, ISO 64, F/7.1, 1/160th second

“Morning Burn”


Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 105mm, ISO 100, F/6.3, 1/20th second handheld

“Backroads Sunset”

It’s now May, I’ve been in the house and very close to home for 2 months and cabin fever is setting in. I need to get out…I need to explore…I need to scout places i’ve been collecting on Google maps. After careful consideration I decide to take a solo road trip over to Eastern Colorado for the day. Exploring the back country roads and checking out places I had pinned in my maps was just what I needed. Being in the car allows me to think and simply take time for myself. I had just finished scouting this amazing barn and was headed on to another location as I came upon this scene. This road I am on here is probably 8 miles long and loaded with these small hills. The sun was setting and very low on the horizon with the light being lightly filtered through the clouds. I loved what this scene said to me and the feeling it gave me as I was beginning to end the day.

Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 62mm, ISO 31, F/11, 1/4th second

“Sunset Lightning”

Another trip to North Eastern Colorado to shoot an old schoolhouse turned into a lightning storm and an epic fail on the schoolhouse. After scouting the schoolhouse I decided to drive around a bit more and see what I could find. Right behind me there is an old abandoned home I was checking out when I noticed the lightning striking on the horizon. The home did not offer any decent comps so I moved across the street where I saw this tree. I set up and braved the crazy winds. The sun was behind the clouds but about to set which gave a nice glow on the horizon. I took several shots and ended up liking this one the best as the road lets the viewer travel though the image past the tree towards the lightning.


Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 28mm, ISO 200, F/4.5, 1/50th second

“Barn With a Sad Face”

In the corner of Southwest Nebraska is a very sad barn. It’s beautiful in my opinion and my goal this evening was to photography the Milky Way over it from the other end. I was able to do that eventually but during sunset the wispy clouds complimented the faded colors of the barn and I noticed that the barn looked sad and I wanted to get a picture of it. This old barn is tucked away down a dirt road behind a bunch of trees and it can not be seen from the main road. Because the homes down this road are abandoned (not lived in) there is not much need for anyone to travel down these roads. My friend does know the owner of this property and was supposed to meet up with me on this particular night but other but ended up not being able to. The barn and old home are something I am looking forward to going back and photographing again when he is with me so we can properly access the property. This image was shot from the public dirt road so no trespassing was being done.

Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 24mm, ISO 64, F/11, 1/125 second

“Roseman Bridge”

Built in 1873 and spanning 107 ft in length at it’s original location the Roseman Bridge was renovated in 1992 at the cost of $152,515. Featured in the movie, “Bridges of Madison County”. After being quarantined and isolated away from people for a while I decided it was time to go see part of our country I had never seen before… I can’t sit at home for too long or I go stir crazy, it’s just not me. Road trips are my escape. I have a niece who lives in Iowa so my daughter and I loaded up and went to visit. My niece had been quarantined for several weeks, we had been quarantined for several weeks so we felt safe making the 9 hour drive (my car can make it from Denver to Iowa without stopping for gas). While we were there we wanted to do things that would get us outside but not be around people and we decided to do the self guided “Bridges of Madison County” scenic tour. It was great. Iowa is so green and when I tell this to people who have never been there they don’t believe me. Remember I grew up in Oregon and it’s super green there but I have to say, Iowa is just as green if not greener. When the corn is growing you can see green for miles and miles. The day we did the bridges tour it was nice and overcast so the light was even and I was able to get decent textures in the clouds.


Nikon D850, Sigma 24mm 1.4, ISO 5000, F/2.5, 8 seconds, 42 images stacked for noise reduction

“Special Guest at Midnight Mass”

After a few months of road trips just to get out of the house to shoot and not really having any kind of a master plan, Comet Neowise shows up. I think I can speak on behalf of most people in the photography community or any community really, that this event was a true joy of 2020. Even people who were staying inside left their homes to see this amazing comet grace our night skies. It was here long enough that I think most people were able to see it and oh what a treat it was. There was so much info about it on the internet that anyone could find it and see it. This event was very exciting to me. After a little planning I knew that the comet would be in this exact location at 10pm on July 23rd. I arrived for sunset only to find lots of clouds. I also knew that based on my weather app on my phone that the clouds would start fading around 9:30pm giving way to generally clear skies from 10pm on. My PinPoint weather app has been the most reliable weather app I have ever used and I trust it. I set up my camera as the clouds started to part and just like clockwork, there was the comet. Neowise flying high in the sky right over this old church on the Eastern Plains of Colorado. I used a small light to illuminate the inside of the church and we photographed the amazing event.

Nikon D850, Sigma 85mm 1.4, ISO 3200, F/2.2, 4 seconds, 70 images stacked for noise reduction

“Neowise over The Citadel”

This is another shot I was able to capture of the comet over The Citadel in Colorado from Loveland Pass. Neowise was appearing just after sunset so the slight glow was still lingering around when the comet appeared.

Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm 2.8 Sport at 200mm, ISO 8000, F/2.8, 2.5 seconds, 96 images stacked for noise reduction
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I had to get a close up of this amazing visitor. The 2 tails were very impressive to see and capture.


Sony A7r3, Sigma 14-24mm at 17mm, ISO 64, F/7.1, 25 seconds – separate shot for the moon to eliminate blurring

“Wild Night On the Plains”

Summer storms on the Eastern Plains – What a night this was to experience. I met up with a couple friends to shoot this old homestead and as luck would have it we ended up shooting a lightning storm just after sunset and then the stars came out later on. Meanwhile, during sunset, we had the pleasure of meeting the owner. He was a really nice guy and he gave us the story on the old home about how his grandparents used to live here. After talking to him for a while I told him I’d be more than happy to get some prints made up for him of the images I had taken over the years. He gave me his address and we said our goodbyes for the evening. I don’t think he really believed me but a few weeks later I went back to his place and found him working outside on his tractor. I told him we had met a few weeks ago and that I had promised him I would bring him some prints. I gave him 10 different 8×12 prints that I had shot of his place and he was super happy. He told me his sister was going to love them because the old place had a lot of special memories for her. We know this old place wont be around much longer so it was very nice that I was able to connect with the owners and give them some images.

Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 105mm, ISO 64, F/10, 255 seconds

“Sunset Rush Hour”

Colorado skies were filled with smoke this summer and my heart goes out to all of those who lost family members and or properties in the fires. It was really a horrible time compounding on the growing number of Covid cases. This is another image not far from my home which looks west towards the Front Range and Rocky Mountains. I captured this image of a smoke filed sky just after sunset. We had crazy orange skies for many many days this summer and at times it was hard to be outside and breathe. Nature can be brutal and harsh but at the same time it can create some beautiful scenes like this that help to put people at ease.

Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm at 14mm, ISO 64, F/9, 1/15th second +1 EV

“Sunset in the High Country”

An old barn under the partially filled smokey skies near Grand Lake, Colorado at sunset. This was just another reason to get out of the house and click some images. I had not been here before and wanted to see this place for myself. I met up with 2 friends and we were graced with gorgeous sun rays coming out of the clouds and some really nice light on the face of the old barn.


Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm at 24mm, ISO 5000, F/2.8, 10 seconds, 30 images stacked for noise reduction

“Orion Over Estes Park”

If you know me on a personal level, you know I am always early for everything. Being late is something I just don’t understand at all and don’t have much tolerance for. My wife and I wanted to go see and hear the Elk in Rocky Mountain National Park one day during their rut. We left early enough that when we got there we could hear the elk but not see them. I got out of the car to look around and noticed Orion over the town of Estes Park. The thin layer of clouds was doing a great job of diffusing the stars, making them brighter than usual. I set up my camera to capture this gorgeous scene from Moraine Meadows. Shortly after this image was captured it began to get light out and we could see the elk not far from us.

Sony A7r3, Sigma 14-24mm at 24mm, ISO 64, F/9, 1/40th , -3 EV

“Old Town Sunset”

With the afternoon storms still happening these gorgeous wavy clouds were mostly grey all afternoon until the sun started to set. They changed colors from pinks and blues to oranges and purples. It was probably the most beautiful sunset I saw all year. And just like most days in Colorado, the clouds went away and the stars came out. We had a gorgeous view of the Milky Way over this old store most of the night. We met one of the locals on this night and he told us about some of the shenanigans that went on around town when there were more people living here. Now, this old store sits on a dirt road corner, empty.

Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm 2.8 Sport at 175mm, ISO 200, F/5.6, 1/60th second

“At the Water’s Edge”

I love Fall and I love how not all the plants and trees change colors at the same time. The color variations are a big part of what make the season so wonderful. My plan at this location was to shoot sunrise with a much wider view. As I was down near the water looking more to my right with a 14mm lens I noticed they way the light was hitting these bushes/small trees and reflecting in the water. I quickly pulled out a longer lens and was able to capture it before it was gone. I had trees behind me that the sun was shining through and in only a manner of minutes the light went behind one of those trees and was gone.


Sony A7r3, Sigma 14-24mm at 18mm, ISO 64, F/9, 1/125th second

“Great Filling Station”

After being in Colorado for the last 3 months, it was time, once again, for me to spread my wings and go see some new things. I needed and wanted to see some new places that I had never been to before. Being cautious and aware, I loaded up the car and took off on a road trip from Denver to Madison, WI. The 4 images I share with you from October will all be from this trip. Now I’ll admit that I did have a few places picked out that I planned on stopping at and visiting. My end point was an old Grist Mill in Wisconsin. This image above is one of those totally random finds and the reason I try not to take the main freeways or highways. The backroads are always filled with better scenery. After I had crossed into Illinois and was headed north I passed this little place… I kept driving for a couple miles and usually by this time I would have kept driving but something told me to go back..One thing to note is that I rarely come home the same way I get to a place so I knew that I would not see this place again on this trip. I drove back, parked on the side of the road and started taking images. A guy came out, got in his Jeep and pulled into his driveway like he was getting ready to leave. I asked if this way his place and he said yep it was. I asked him if it was ok to shoot some pictures and he said, “sure, just pull your car down into the driveway so it’s off the road”. I said ok, thanks. He then left and took off somewhere so I stuck around and got some images of the old truck and gas can. This was just a super unique find an I am so glad I went back to shoot it.

Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 35mm, ISO 31, F/13, 1.6 seconds

“Hyde’s Mill Sunrise”

Located near Madison, Wisconsin this was my end goal for the road trip before turning around and heading home. When I arrived here it was already dark and there were billions of stars in the sky. I was super surprised to see how dark the sky was in this area. It was also fairly cold. The water must come from someplace that warms it because at night in the dark I could see steam coming off the water and it really made the scene kind of murky. I did take a few long exposure shots to make some star trails but nothing that ended up being that exciting. When the sun did start to rise and I noticed the clouds and the fall color that was hanging on I began to get a little excited. I knew it had potential. Had I been there a week or so before, there may have been more leaves on the trees but I liked how the bare trees played into the scene with the old mill. The mill was built in 1850 on a stone dam with a beautiful wooden water wheel. After shooting the sunrise I explored more of the area and began my way back home.

Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 38mm, ISO 64, F/8, 1/2000th second, -4 EV

“Our Lady’s Sunset”

Our Lady of Perpetual Help Catholic Church aka Wilson Church – This is one of the places I planned to go, and I am glad I did. I spent most of my day here just enjoying the view, sitting in my lawn chair relaxing after being in a car for so long. I like to be patient when I need to be and this was one of those times. While I was sitting here a man came up on a 4 wheeler, he was the grounds keeper and just asked me what I was doing and keeping an eye on the place. I told him I was just here to do some photography and then some night shots when it was dark. He told me that the board of directors was thinking of tearing the place down because of all the recent vandalism that had been happening. He wasn’t sure when it was going to happen but that there had been talks. It wasn’t long after I got home and sure enough there was news about it being demolished in the near future. The cross came down on Jan 5th and based on friends IG post there is a gentleman who is working to save and reuse some of the wood. The pews have been gone for years. If you have anything you want to photograph or visit, go do it. Nothing lasts forever and you sure don’t want any regrets. I am very thankful I was able to photograph this beautiful church before the cross came down and they began the tear down. This gorgeous church was built in 1918, 103 years old…

Sony A7r3, Sigma 14-24mm at 14mm, ISO 100, F/8, 1/5000th second, -4 EV

“Old 55, Your time is Up”

Through photography I have been very fortunate to meet some great people from all over the world both on the business side of photography as well as the personal side. I am very thankful for these friendships and the opportunities they provide. On my way home from my trip I made a stop in Kansas for a few days. A friend of mine had lined up permission for us to do some photography on a private ranch. A very large ranch I should mention. With the help of a side by side 4 wheeler we explored the ranch and some of its offerings. There was old trucks, tractors, stone cellars, and homesteads. Towards the end of the day we arrived at this old 55 Massy-Harris tractor. It sits up on this little hill overlooking the valley below. The sky, still filled with smoke from the wildfires all the way from Colorado were turning this burnt orange color. We knew this was going to be the place for a sunset photo shoot. The rust on the tractor matching the smoke filled skies was a perfect combo. I was particularly drawn to the flat tires. When I close my eyes, I see this tractor in its working condition doing the work that needs to be done to keep the ranch going.


Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm at 24mm, ISO 64, F/6.3, 20 seconds

“Little House Under the Stars”

Eastern Colorado, Sunset, Tiny house, Moon, Jupiter and Saturn. In this very very small town we met a young man who was willing to answer our questions about the nearby area and we told him what we would be doing so if he saw any lights not to be alarmed. He said there wont be any problems and told us to have a good night. The beginning of November was when people really started talking about the conjunction between Jupiter and Saturn that was going to take place on Dec 21st. It was fun to watch the 2 planets get closer and closer together as the first day of winter drew closer. After I got home I did some research to see if I could find out any info about this house. I called the assessors office and they were very happy to send over what they had. The house had 2 sales on record and the last one selling for $300 back in the early 90s. Based on the news papers we found inside the house has not been lived in or had anything done to it for many years before that. I have the owners name and address now and hope to send them an image of it in the near future.

7 image pano – Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 62mm, ISO 100, F/13, 1/60th second

“Spanish Sunset”

Southern Colorado is still a rather un explored part of the state for me. I took a drive one afternoon looking for old abandoned places and doing some scouting for potential Milky Way shoots. At the end of the day I arrived at this small meadow looking towards the Spanish Peaks. I liked the way the warm light was hitting the lingering fall colors in the trees as it graced the small hills of the meadow. This is a location you may see in a couple months when I return to shoot the Milky Way over these gorgeous peaks.


Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm at 14mm, ISO 64, F/10, 1/40th second

“Winter at Monument Rocks”

Last trip to Kansas for the year and what a great trip it was. We got to explore some old abandoned buildings with owner permission, I had the pleasure of meeting some distant cousins of mine that I did not know I had and I got to see snow at Monument Rocks. Monument Rocks is a unique feature in Kansas that comes from when the inland sea split the USA many millions of years ago and this was at the bottom. The Niobrara Chalk is a geologic formation that was deposited roughly 85 million years ago. It’s very fragile and crumbles easily. Harsh Kansas weather is slowly taking it’s toll and deteriorating the formations. Even in the 5 years I have been visiting and photographing them, I have seen the changes.

Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm at 19mm, ISO 6400, F.2.8, 13 seconds. 30 images stacked for noise reduction and 28 images of meteors

“Sylvan Grove Meteor Shower”

Before I knew I had relatives in Kansas, my trip to Kansas was planned around the Geminid Meteor shower. I had a few places picked out that would work and this old stone house was one of them. On the night of Dec 13th we braved the frigid cold temps and let our cameras work for a couple hours capturing the shooting stars across the night sky. Each of the meteors you see here were blended by hand in Photoshop in the exact location where they fell. I loved that the late season Milky Way was still visible in this sky and in the right location for this image. This is the first meteor shower I have successfully shot in all the years I have been doing photography. Now that I have a better grasp on it, I plan to do more.

Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm at 14mm, ISO 31, F/14, 1/4th second

“Ice’s Eye”

This is kind of a random, lucky image. I had went over to the lake by our house one morning to photograph the sunrise not really know what kind of condition the water would be in. I knew it was cold but not sure how frozen it was. I was pleasantly surprised to see these unique patterns in the ice. The ice was fairly thick in this spot which allowed me to walk on it and set the camera up for a better shot. I was able to get down really low and use a wide angle lens to create a dramatic foreground while still capturing the colors of the sunrise.

Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm 2.8 Sport at 200mm, ISO 64, F/8, 1/800th second, -3 EV

“If It All Falls Down”

The final sunset of 2020…saying goodbye to an incredibly bizarre year. On Google Maps the back part of the house is still attached. I’m not sure when it fell off and at first I was a little upset that it has fallen since my plan was to shoot the setting moon over it the next morning. Then I realized it’s the perfect ending to a year that in so many ways has been unpredictable and full of surprises, what’s wrong with one more. I truly enjoyed this sunset. I enjoyed my time being here, alone in this part of Colorado. I had time to reflect on all that had happened and how thankful I was to be healthy with a loving family and a roof over our heads. Thankful for our friends near and far, thankful for the new connections I made in 2020. Thankful for all of you who take the time out of your day to read my blog, visit me on social media and help me be inspired by the work you do.

Some special thanks to the companies who help support my work and companies I work with

Robus Tripods and Ballheads – Vantage Series 5558 and RTH-1050 Ballhead

Sigma Lenses – currently using 14-24mm, 50mm, 85mm, 70-200mm and 24-105mm

Moab Legion Papers – Juniper Baryta, Entrada Textured, Somerset Museum Rag, Exhibition Luster

Englewood Camera – A great local camera shop and printers in the Denver Area

Nitecore Lights – Too many to list…check them out.

If you wish to view or purchase any of these images or any of my images you can do so a couple ways.

Darren White Photography Website – Contact me directly for best prices or simply use discount code CPJASS for up to $50 off your purchase.

Darren White Photography Instagram – Let’s connect and inspire each other.

Darren White Photography Facebook Page – Daily posts, what’s happening and special offers.

If you have any questions or comments please don’t hesitate to contact me, I am always happy to answer questions.

Creating a Night Image

Depending on your skill level or desired outcome, there can be more or less that goes into creating a great night image. When I say great I am talking about the level of quality needed for printing large. If you can print an image at least 3 ft wide or tall with little to minimal noise then I would say you have done a great job. I’m not talking about using that single exposure and shrinking it down to fit on your IG feed or in your FB post. Anyone can do that. I am talking about using the tools (your camera and photoshop) to help you create a masterpiece you can be proud to hang in your home or office.

I’ve been doing night photography for over 20 years and while it has changed quite a bit some aspects have remained the same. I am here to tell you that the amazing image you see on social media of night photography are images of creation, not snapshots. Today I want to step you though a very basic image creation process. Each of you will have your own opinions on what you feel this is or how you would categorize it and that’s fine. Technically, in my opinion, it’s a “Blend”. I used my camera to shoot multiple images of a scene that was in front of me and then use those images to create the final image. Here we go!

Low ISO image shot just after the sun went down.

When possible, I always try and arrive at my location before sunset or before sunrise. This allows me to use a low ISO with a longer shutter speed but still using the natural light from the sun or moon. If your timing is so that you arrive at dark and can’t stay long enough, then I highly suggest you still shoot a long exposure with a low ISO at night and this will give you the best possible quality for your foreground. This example was shot right after sunset at 31 ISO for 2 seconds to get the absolute cleanest foreground possible.

44 single images stacked to produce a super clean noise free starry sky.

There is no getting around it, you have to shoot the stars at night! It’s true so don’t let anyone tell you otherwise! This is where a little technique comes into play. Focusing in the dark can be challenging sometimes and while it may be easy to focus on the barn with a light, the stars may be out of focus a little depending on what lens you’re using. The sharper you can get your stars the better image quality you will have to start with. In the above image I focused on the stars to insure they were sharp. I used 44 images that I shot back to back to stack and reduce the noise in the sky. I generally shoot for 36 images but depending on what ISO I am shooting I may use more or less. These 44 images were ISO 8000 for 15 seconds each. By doing this it gave me roughly a 6x noise reduction factor which then brings the final image ISO equivalent down to about 125.

Low ISO barn with Stacked Sky

This is where things get fun. I now have my clean low ISO sunset shot of the barn and my stacked 44 image sky that I need to bring together. I use the select and mask option in Photoshop to remove the sky from the barn image and I replace it with the stacked sky image. Using the free transform tool on sky I can place it exactly where I want it. This is where most beginners stop. They have a good sky with a good foreground and to the untrained eye it doesn’t look too bad. To my eye and any of my photography friends’ eyes it should look like a cut and past job. Not something I would be happy with at all. If you look closely you will see that the exposure values differ too much between the sky and the foreground. If you look on the left side you will see how bright the field is in the back towards the sky. Looks like a cut and paste job huh?

With depth layer behind barn

Because we don’t want our image to look like a cut and paste job, there is one more little trick that we must do. Giving the image some depth or separation between the foreground and the sky. It’s not much and it’s very subtle. The depth layer gives the perception of distance and that the barn is not sitting right in front of the Milky Way.

Before and After with Depth Layer

If you look closely at the side by side above you can see the difference the depth layer makes. Had I not told you it was even there you probably wouldn’t have ever noticed without seeing a side by side comparison. This is a crucial part in helping to create a natural looking image.

Curves layers adjustments separately for the foreground and sky

Now we’re are getting into the meat and potatoes of how this image comes to life. Once you have your 3 layers (foreground, depth, sky) you can now adjust them independently of each other and make them blend together. I make one adjustment for the foreground and then one for the sky. By having them each as their own layer in PS I can visually see how the adjustments work together. You may ask, “why not just make one global adjustment for both?” The answer is simple, we need the sky and foreground to blend seamlessly in exposure values and the adjustment for the sky wont be the same for the foreground. By doing them independently of each other we can fine tune so they go together.

Color Efex Adjustments

Once you have your foreground and your sky exposure values working well together you can now make some global adjustments. I, personally, like to do this in DxO Nik Color Efex. These adjustments can really be anything you like. I have my own standards that I use to make images look the way I do. What I really like about using DxO Color Efex is that once you are done making the adjustments and you click OK, it will open it back up into photoshop as a new layer. This is really helpful because it allows you to toggle the eyeball next to the image and see the difference before and after. If you feel like something is too strong you can always use the opacity slider to tone it down or you can simply add a layer mask and brush out the parts you don’t want. Having this finite control is crucial in creating a final image.

Final image with a few minor adjustments back in Photoshop

Now that the image is opened back up into Photoshop we can make some tiny, fine tuned adjustments to finalize our image. Now we have a super clean, printable image that looks very natural as if the moonlight is gently hitting the barn and grass in the foreground as it sets. The Sun, Moon, Milky Way and planets all follow the same ecliptical path in the sky. It’s very important to make sure when blending images or making composites that the direction of light is the same for all the images you are using. Because I shot my foreground right after sunset I knew the light was coming from the west (right) as if there moon were setting. You never want to shoot your foreground in the middle of the day when the sun is directly overhead unless it’s an overcast day.

Before and After

The above side by side will help you see the difference from start to finish and by adding that layer of depth, it now feels as though the brighter left side is being softly lit by the light behind the barn and is much more natural to our eyes.

I hope this helps you understand the basic process and one of the ways super clean night photography images are created. If you want more detailed help I am happy to do so both via Zoom meetings or out in the field actually shooting (it helps to have the images to work with first) If you already have some images, I’d be happy to help. See links below.

Zoom Learning

Colorado In Field Workshops

All images in this blog post were shot with a Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Sigma 24-105mm and Robus Supports Vantage Series 3 RC-5558 Tripod and RTH-1050 Ballhead

You can find me on Instagram at – @darren_white_photography

Facebook – www.facebook.com/darrenwhitephotography

Website – www.darrenwhitephotography.com

Night Photography Workshops – www.nightphotographyworkshop.com


Showing Your Work in a Gallery, is it worth it?

Grand Teton National Park

Friends, today I am writing this blog purely for informational purposes only. When it comes to working with galleries there are a lot of variables that come into play. This is true for both the photographer and the gallery. This blog will be written from a photographers view who is selling Matted and Framed Prints, Acrylic Prints, Canvas Prints and Metal prints. This blog will not have anything to do with other types of artists who sell in galleries. This post is also aimed more towards the people who are actively trying to make a profit from photography.

Some of you will take this to heart and re think your current situation, some of you will blow it off and for a select few it will upset you because it’s happened to you. This blog post is not designed to make anyone mad, it’s just me speaking the truth. I am sure there are a very few of you who have had different experience but for most this is the cold hard truth.

When I arrived in Denver 7 years ago I was asked to be part of a gallery in the Santa Fe Arts District and over the following couple years I joined a couple other galleries in the greater Denver area. The experience was a huge eye opener for me.

I have friends who have been or are still showing their work in galleries and as long as they continue to do so I will continue to help support them through various ways to help promote their work and bring attention to others so that they know where to go to see the work.  Some of you may know that I worked in a photo lab for a few years after high school and I really love seeing printed images. Whenever I am in a new city or a friend is showing work in a gallery near me, I will do my best to stop in and take a look. We all have our own unique styles and that is one thing I really love about being a photographer.

Being new to Denver and having the opportunity to join a gallery was amazing and I was really excited. This was my first time being in a real gallery. I had a great social media following and figured I could use that to draw people in, in addition to what the gallery was doing. Some nights it worked, some nights it didn’t. That’s just the nature of the game.


As I was ending my time in the galleries and one of them was about to close I really started thinking about the business aspect of it all from both the gallery owner side as well as the photographer side and it didn’t take me long to realize that for the average photographer, you’re not go to make any money by showing your work in galleries. If you do it will be barely breaking even or maybe a tiny profit. In my opinion the tiny profit at the end of it all probably wont be worth the time and effort you put into the whole thing.

When people I knew were telling me they were accepted into such and such gallery I was naturally happy for them, just as my friends and supporters were when I shared the good news. Some of them I went a little deeper with and told them my theories on why you will never make money in a gallery. Of course, as I said before, there are some variables. One of them being this, “Well, it’s a great way to get my name out there.” True, it can be a good way to promote your work in general and if someone sees something hanging on a gallery wall that they love but want a larger size then it can be a nice feeling to make that sale, but are you really making any money?

Morning Feeding

I found that there are a couple ways galleries work, at least from my experience. A gallery can take up to 50% of your sales, generally more in the 40% range and not charge you any “Wall Space Rent” or the can charge you “Wall Space Rent” and take a smaller percentage of your sales. One gallery I was asked to join wanted $600 a month rent for the space. They also offered me the other option of no wall rent space but they would take a higher percentage of my sales.  I kindly declined both offers. It wasn’t too long before a friend of mine decided he wanted to jump in on that deal. If I remember correctly, I think they said that just to get into the gallery on a 6 month lease for wall space and his prints was somewhere in the $5,000 range. I have confirmed this with them. After talking further to get the facts correct, they told me that in 2.5 years of showing in the gallery, they broke even. They did not make 1 penny profit.  I could use this as one of my examples but I’m not going to. Once you read further you can come back to this and figure it out on your own!

Stargazing at the Gravel Ponds

For these situations, I am going to use real world whole numbers to keep the math simple. Let’s start. Gallery X offers you wall space for 1 year. No rent but they take 40% of your sales.  You’re excited and go home and figure you can get 10 good sized images on the wall they have offered you. You decided on the prints (24×36) and have 10 printed up. Ten beautiful metal prints (I picked metal because they are priced between canvas photos and Acrylic prints) headed your way to showcase in your newly acquired gallery space.  Your total investment cost for the 10 prints comes to $2000 at 200 each with printing and shipping. It’s opening day of your show and you sell 2 prints for $600 each. That’s being pretty generous for the average photographer with that sized image. Your total sale is $1200 and the gallery is going to take $480 leaving you with $720. Now you need to replace those 2 that you sold because the gallery doesn’t want empty space on their wall. $400 more to replace them and now you are looking at take home of $320 or, and this is the way you should look at it…you’re still $1680 in the hole. This continues on for the year and you end up selling all 10 prints in that year with your last sale 2 months before your year is up. 10x$600=$6000 in sales, Gallery takes $2400 and it costs you $2000 to replace the sold prints. That’s $1600 left over but with your initial investment of $2000, you have still lost $400 over the course of the year. It’s that initial investment that most people don’t want to look at because they are getting their gallery business set up and it’s something you simply can’t avoid yet it’s still an expense. So what happens when the gallery closes or decides to keep you on for another year.  Maybe next year you sell 15 prints because now more people are aware of your work. 15×600=$9000 in sales, Gallery takes $3600, replacement costs are $3000 which leaves you with $2400 and now you have made a $400 profit for 2 years in the gallery. Don’t forget that the gallery is going to send you a W-2 because your sales were over $500. I think that’s the lowest amount before they have to send you one.  So you will end up paying 30-40% taxes on the $400 you made so in the end, for 2 years in a gallery your take home profit will be about $260.

Punchbowl Morning Softness

For most people, that’s a pretty hard truth to swallow and in all of your defenses, it doesn’t feel like that…It feels great when someone comes in and buys a print for $600 that you’re showing at a gallery…

Now, If you do want to show in a gallery here are some things I recommend you do to increase profits. First and foremost, talk to the gallery owner and ask them about how much art you are required to have on your wall space. If they don’t require you to replace all your work that you sell then your profits will potentially go higher. Talk to your printer and see if you can work out a deal on prints. If they know you will be buying 5-10 pcs up front and more throughout the year it’s very possible they will give you a deal and that will contribute to the profit margin. Bin work (small matted prints) usually have the highest profit margin. You can make all your prints standard sizes, 12×18 inches and purchase the mattes in bulk for pretty cheap. Let’s say you do 25 9×12 images that will fit in 11×14 mattes that have openings of 8.5×11 with backing and plastic bags. Total cost is going to be roughly no more than $150, or you can go a little larger and do 16×20 mattes with 11×14 openings for about $170 for 25.. The smaller ones I would sell for about $59 and the larger ones $79. You really only need to sell 5-6 to make your initial investment back even after the gallery takes their cut. If you do sign a lease for 6mos, 1yr or 2yrs, be very cautious about ordering replacement prints towards the end. You really only make money when you sell what you have and don’t have to spend more money to replace inventory. One last thing, if you can get away with it and you’re an amazing salesperson, up your prices, a lot…

If you sell 10 prints at $999 each for a total sale at the end of the year of $9999 and the gallery takes $4000 that gives you $5999-$2000 initial investment leaves you with $3999 and then $2000 to restock inventory so now you have made $1999 for the year minus the taxes you will pay. There is also a chance that if you raise your prices too high your sales will be down and therefore you will take a loss (again) rather than make anything.

If your prices are really high and your initial investment is $2000 for the 24×36 metal prints and let’s say you only sell 1 print during the year. You would have to sell that 1 print for $3450 in order to make your $2000 back.

This is something I feel very strongly about and I hope this helps you to understand how it works for photographers in a gallery setting.  Galleries that rent out wall space to several photographers are generally doing it so they can pay their rent because the commissions from the sales aren’t enough and it’s less risky to collect rent from a signed contract than it is to rely on commissions from random sales.

One final note to think about is this and this is exactly what happened to me. When your time is up in a gallery or the gallery is going to close due to unforeseen circumstances ie, Covid-19 you will either end up with a garage full of your work or you will try to have a “sale” before the gallery closes. If you have the “sale” then you’re cutting your prices even more and while you may end up getting some of that money back, you’re not making a profit.  After 2 years of about 100 total pieces sitting in my garage well cared for and protected. I decided to sell them privately. It was in the beginning of this whole pandemic and I was amazed at the support. I used Facebook Market place as well as Nextdoor to connect with potential buyers. I sold all but 4 images.  If you can sell privately or on your own I feel it’s a much better deal for you as a photographer.

All that glitters, is not gold.

Questions or Comments, don’t hesitate to reach out! Please use the form below.


Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art Lens – Is it the perfect landscape lens?

Sunflowers at Sunset
Sunflowers at Sunset – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 24mm, ISO 64, F/22, 1/25th sec

This blog seems fitting since today is the 1 year anniversary of me getting the Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art Lens. I have been wanting to do this blog for a while and today it just seems right. Some of you know that I already have the Sigma 14mm, 20mm and 24mm so you may be asking why does he have/need the 14-24? Great question and I am happy to explain. It wasn’t really a matter of need but more want the lens. My goal was to find out if this 1 lens could replace all 3 primes. Some of you are probably reading this and think I am crazy. That’s good.. I kind of thought so too. While I do focus most of my work on Landscapes and Nightscapes, I also consider myself a fairly general photographer. If you were to see a lot of the work that I never post to my socials you would see what I am talking about. Nonetheless, my purpose was to test this lens in all areas and see if it was right for me. I will break this down into 3 sections. Landscapes, Astro/Nightscapes and City Photography.


Fall Rushes By
Fall Rushes By – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 16mm, F/11, ISO 64, 1/5th sec

Various regions will require various focal lengths to get the right composition. I find myself using super wide and wide angle lenses when I am up close to my subjects and want to put an emphasis on the foreground as well as create depth. This works well for waterfalls, reflections and when your subject is fairly close to you. When I first moved to Colorado I found that most of the scenery I was shooting required a longer lens or I needed to find ways to get closer to my subject.

Pulling Tides
Pulling Tides – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 24mm, F/9, ISO 64, 0.4 seconds

One thing I love about the Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art lens is that it covers 3 popular focal lengths for landscape photography. Because I already have 8 lenses in my bag, this lens pretty much lets me eliminate 2 of those. I have never been a photographer who shoots my lenses wide open. It’s sure great to have the option to shoot at 1.4 or 1.8 but it’s rare that I would ever do that. For landscape photography I also would never shoot a scene like this at 2.8. So the need for a super fast lens for landscape photography isn’t something that I personally need. I will talk about the benefits of these lenses in the next section. Making sure your image is in focus all the way through the scene is important so shooting at F/stops that range from 7.1 – 16 and sometimes 18 and 22 is what I mostly shoot with.  Also I don’t generally shoot images that would be easy to focus stack so I rely more on hyperfocal techniques to get my images sharp.

Deep Blue
Deep Blue – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 14mm, F/10, ISO 64, 1/125th second

With super wide angle focal lengths as long as you are 4ft or so from your subject you should not have any issues getting the image sharp from front to back. This scene of a thermal pool was shot at 14mm from the boardwalk and I am only about 7ft away from the edge of the pool. Had I shot this with even a 24mm lens and did verticals to stitch into a pano, I don’t think even shooting at F/16 would have got it in focus from front to back. Having the versatility of 3 lenses in one is incredible and lets me focus on my work rather than trying to decide which lens I need to use next.

Feeling Alone
Feeling Alone – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 19mm, F/8, ISO 100, 1/400th second

Getting close to my subject is key sometimes to create the mood or feel to an image. The Sigma 14-24mm has a minimum focusing distance of just under a foot. At 10 inches it allows me to get down and dirty to get the right angles when needed. I do believe that I was right at the 11-12 inches when I shot this image. I remember getting a little too close and not being able to focus so I backed up and zoomed in just hair to end up shooting at 19mm just to eliminate some of the super wide angle distortion that I normally like.

Whispers in the Woods
Whispers in the Woods – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 16mm, F/18, ISO 31, 0.4 seconds

There is beauty in putting a lens on your camera and knowing that you may not need to take it off all day. Thus the case on a recent trip to the east coast where I was shooting waterfalls and creeks all day long. This image was shot around noon on a very overcast and damp day. I was able to get right out into the water with the camera and lens just above the water surface. Knowing that I was going to blur the water with my shutter speed, I decided that I wanted the big foreground to fill the lower portion of the frame and that it did not need to be tack sharp. With my camera and lens about 6 inches above the water I knew that it was too close to focus on so by focusing on the rock where the water was cascading over I was able to create depth in the scene with it appearing sharp throughout by using an f/stop of 18.

Frosted Trees
Frosted Trees – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 18mm, F/8, ISO 64, 1/2000 second

Sometimes a shoot happens that doesn’t involve much planning. This particular location is super closet to my house and it’s a place I like to visit when the conditions are right. Snow being one of them. For this shot I wanted to make sure that the entire reflection was in the image and that I did not give the viewer that “looking down” feeling. I set my camera up right at the waters edge only a few inches above the water and by doing this I was able to get more of the reflection of the trees and clouds.  The sharpness of the Sigma 14-24mm is incredible and I hope you can see that in this image.


Radio Silence
Radio Silence – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 24mm, F/2.8, ISO 8000, 10 seconds

As a night photography instructor for the last 7 years, it would make sense that I suggested to students to bring a super fast lens to shoot with. Sigma makes AMAZING Super fast primes, there is no doubt about that and not even something I want to question or debate. The real question here is can a 2.8 zoom lens take the place of a 1.4 or 1.8 prime lens for night photography and I will get right to the point and say yes. Yes it can. Part of this stems from the quality of the lens and part of it stems from the processing of the images.

Lets blow the roof off this place
Let’s blow the roof off this place – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 14mm, F/2.8, ISO 6400, 20 seconds

It wasn’t long ago that photographers with digital cameras who were shooting the night sky were doing so by shooting 1 single image. This meant we needed super fast lenses to let enough light in that would allow us to use a short enough shutter speed to make sure we did not get star trails. With the advancement of various processing tools and stacking software 2.8 is plenty fast and often times I will shoot at F/3.2 or F/4. We can now shoot at much higher ISO’s at greater DOF’s and use shorter shutter speeds to get amazing results by stacking images.

Turret Arch
Turret Arch – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 14mm, F/2.8, ISO 12800, 15 seconds

I’ll be very honest in saying that I no longer care about what ISO I am shooting at at night. If I need to crank the ISO up to 12,800 ISO to get a 15 second shutter speed instead of a 30 second shutter speed at 6400 ISO I do it. I know that the noise is now irrelevant when shooting because I can remove it later. Stacking images is the key to noise removal when you don’t have the option to shoot a single long exposure for your foreground. We can talk about the techniques all day long but I want to keep the focus of this blog on the Sigma 14-24mm lens and how well it performs. It’s my opinion that the sharper the lens and the better the focus you can get in your image, the less noise you will notice in a well exposed image. A sharper image will also allow you print larger.

Stargazing Dock
Stargazing Dock – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 24mm, F/3.2, ISO 6400, 15 seconds

When an image is super sharp and well focused at night the noise is often mistaken for detail. At smaller sizes this is not noticeable but when you print larger images over 30 inches it becomes a crucial element in the entire process. If you have an image that is even the slightest bit out of focus, enlargements are pretty much out the window. Having a lens that you can get razor sharp focus with will allow you to see details in your images you have not seen before.  Image quality should be a major concern to you as a photographer and your image will only be as good as the lens that lets the light into your sensor. I can say this with confidence because we did a test in one of our workshops with a student who had a Nikon D3400 and a Sigma 20mm and we compared that to one of my images that was shot with a Nikon D810 and a Sigma 20mm lens. Even though her camera produced more noise to begin with the final images were 99% identical in terms or how little noise there was. Razor sharp focus is key! I can’t repeat this enough.

Night Classes
Night Classes – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 18mm, F/3.2, ISO 6400, 15 seconds

Having the ability to use 1 lens all night is, as I have said before, a wonderful feeling. You would be surprised at how many subjects and compositions you can get between 14mm and 24mm. Being able to get your composition right in the camera at the time of shooting is another element I wish more photographers took seriously. This was shot at 18mm which falls between that 14mm and 20mm length. I prefer not to crop my images because I like to retain the native file sizes the best I can. I want to make sure I can include everything in the image I want and not have to crop in later or cut something off that may be important to the scene. As with the tree on the far lower left..


Cobblestone Cafe
Cobblestone Cafe – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 18mm, F/10, ISO 64, 10 seconds

While I don’t do a lot of urban or city photography on a regular basis, I did have the chance to use the lens and do some while on a trip to Tallinn, Estonia. Again, and I feel like I am repeating myself, it was nice to be able to walk around the city and not have to worry about changing lenses. 14mm is wide enough and 24mm was telephoto enough to allow me to get a lot of shots I wanted without having to change lenses in the rain or snow. The added benefit to this is that the less you change your lens the less likely you are to get dirt or debris on your sensor.

Take Me Back in Time
Take me Back in Time – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 14mm, F/7.1, ISO 31, 1/160th sec

People who shoot with me on a regular basis know that I have a bad habit of changing lenses a lot. I like to capture the same scene with lots of focal lengths and compositions. With the 14-24mm I can eliminate a lot of that. This was a particular scene that I needed the 14mm. I could not go back any further without including a bunch of junk in the image. A 20mm or 24mm would not have allowed me to capture this image the way you see it here.  With just the right amount of sky and arch with the open doors this scene came together very well at 14mm based on the fact that this was my only vantage point to capture it from.

Sunset in the Town Square
Sunset in the town square – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 17mm, F/8, ISO 200, 1/250th sec

I’ve talked about the uses of this lens and now I want to finish up by talking about the quality of the lens. For starters it’s built like a tank. You are not getting some chuck of plastic. This lens is built to endure whatever you throw at it… Just not a bucked of water probably. I have shot with this lens in the rain and snow and it works without problem. It does come with a built in lens hood so filter options are limited. I don’t personally use filters so that is not an issue for me. The lens provides wonderful edge to edge sharpness in both landscapes and astrophotography. It has a very small amount of distortion that is only noticeable at the 14mm range and is easily corrected in ACR or LR by using the Lens Correction panel.  Minimal chromatic aberrations and color fringing throughout the zoom range for improved clarity and color accuracy. If you do happen to be shooting a super contrasty subject and you get some CA, it’s super easy to fix with one click in ACR and LR.

Glade Creek Grilst Mill
Glade Creek Grist Mill – Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, 16mm, F/18, ISO 31, 0.3 seconds

If you are a photographer that REALLY needs that extra couple stops of light then by all means grab the Sigma 14mm, 20mm and 24mm primes. I still own the 14mm and the 24mm 1.4 lens and they each have their own unique purpose at the wider Fstops. After a full year of shooting with the Sigma 14mm-24mm 2.8 I can now honestly say that If I only take that lens and leave the 14mm prime and 24mm prime at home, I’ll be ok and my image quality will not suffer one bit. It should be noted that I am also not in my 20’s anymore and while I am still very active and healthy, I am trying to be more aware of the stress I put on my body. Because these lenses are so well built and do have a bit of weight to them, only needing to carry one lens can be a nice rest for your back.

This lens fits all my needs in terms of image quality and focal lengths at the wider angles.  If you are looking for an amazing lens that can do it all at the wider angles then I highly suggest you check out the Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art lens! You wont be disappointed.


If this has helped you out in anyway or you’d simply like to show a little support, I accept small donations at www.paypal.me/DWP  

You can find more about this amazing lens at Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art Lens

My website can be found here – Darren White Photography

A shout out to companies I work with and enjoy doing business with:

Sigma Lenses

Robus Tripods

Moab Fine Art Papers

Artbeat Studios – Acrylic Prints

Reed Art and Imaging

Nitecore Lights

Englewood Camera

Social Channels



Please feel free to use the contact form below if you have any questions or want to schedule a Zoom session or a small group or private night photography workshop.

10 Basic Tips to Improve Your Night Photography.

As someone who grew up working in a photo lab developing other people’s pictures, I quickly learned what I liked and what I didn’t when it came to the outcome of images. I knew right away when a particular customer walked in to drop off his or her film what their images would look like. I feel it’s kinda the same way now that we are all connected through social media and the internet.  Over the last 8 years I have helped teach 100’s of students during our Night Photography Workshops that we hold in the summers, except this summer due to the pandemic. In our workshops the info is pretty deep and I could probably write an entire encyclopedia set just on Night Photography.

Riding through the Heavens
Nikon D850 – Sigma 20mm 1.4, ISO 6400, F/2.5, 15 seconds, Single Exposure

Most of my friends who I shoot with know that I refer to myself as the lazy photographer. Not because I am lazy physically, but because I will find the easiest way to do something in the least amount of time with the best results. In this blog I will give you, my opinion only, what I feel are the 10 best tips to improve your night photography.

1.Fill the Frame – all of our cameras have lots of megapixels now. This is no reason to have a crappy composition and tell yourself you will just crop and recompose in post. Composing in the dark can be hard… If you don’t have a light that will shine on the entire scene you’re shooting then just point your camera in the general direction and shoot a 20 second shot at a very high (12800-25600) ISO. The image quality will suck but you will then be able to see what your composition is like. Adjust your comp until you get it just right and then tone down your exposure to something like 6400 or 8000 and do your shooting.

2.Sturdy Tripod – This is a MUST. At night when we are doing long exposures (20 seconds to an hour or more) any amount of movement can ruin a shot or a set of shots. I personally use Robus Tripods for my work and have been using them for the last year. I recommend whatever tripod you purchase that it not have a center column or it has the short center column. I love my tripod because it does not have a center column and I can get super low to the ground. It also has a hook that hangs down from the tripod platform that I can hang my bag on in windy conditions to help stabilize and eliminate movement.


3.Scout and Plan – It’s important to know what will be in the night sky on any particular evening you’re planning on going out shooting. If you want your images to look like daytime with only a few visible stars then shoot on a near or full moon. If you want lots of stars in your image then shoot closer to a new moon. There are many apps that will help you figure all this out. I use 2 different apps to do my planning because they each serve a unique purpose. Moon Phase is an app that tells you the phases of the Moon, when it will rise and when it will set. It also tells me when golden hour and blue hour are. Photopills is an app I use for my planning. Once I know the phase of the moon, then I can plan where I am going to go based on where the Milky Way or other celestial object will be in the sky.

4.Proper Exposure  This is one of the most important components to getting good night       images. As our eyes adjust in the dark the back of LCD seems to become extremely             bright. This will fool you into thinking your images are bright and properly or over           exposed when in reality they are probably underexposed. ALWAYS use your                         histogram to make sure you are not pushed up against either side. With cameras                 today you should not have any pure blacks in your raw images unless you want it               there. Having a good histogram means that the info should be off the left side a little         (blacks) and not pushed up against the right side (whites) Having a proper exposure         to work with will give you a huge advantage when it comes to post processing.

 5.Use different ISO’s – If you are new to night photography and possibly afraid of the            high ISO’s don’t be. You’re not wasting film by taking test shots. You have nothing to          lose. I suggest you take one night to learn before going to a specific location to shoot.          In theory ISO 6400 should have more noise than 1600 ISO right? Well, yes and no. A            well exposed 6400 image may actually have less visible noise than an underexposed          1600 ISO image that you have to bring way up in post processing.  6400 is also 2 full            stops brighter than 1600 so you can use shorter shutter speeds to help keep the stars          from trailing during your exposure. So if you are shooting 30 second exposures at 2.8        at 1600 ISO with a 24mm lens and you are seeing the stars trail in your images then            you can bump your ISO up to 6400 and shoot 8 seconds and you wont have the                    trailing stars anymore.


Room With A Skylight View
Stacked and Blended – Nikon D850, Sigma 24mm 1.4 Art – Foreground ISO 64, F/2.2, 20 min – Sky ISO 8000, F/2.2, 8 seconds X 51 images stacked. 


6. Lens selection – I have a bad habit of carrying all my lenses (8 of them) with me each time I go shoot. It never fails that when ever I leave a lens at  home, it’s the lens I need. I don’t suggest you do this when going out at night… In all honesty if you have 3 lenses that cover 14mm up to 50mm you will be fine. You don’t need anymore. Knowing the difference between what a 14mm scene looks like vs what a 50mm scene looks like is very important. If you were too close you may cut off part of the image you wanted. With a 14mm you may end up with a lot of empty space and end up cropping later (see tip #1) Generally I shoot with 14mm, 24mm and 50mm. I recently sold my 20mm after extensive testing with the Sigma 14-24 2.8 art lens. With my style of shooting I did not need the F/1.4 that the 20mm offered. I can shoot at 2.8 and be totally fine.  More on this a little later. Keep your gear light and simply bring what you need. Quality of lenses actually make a difference too. The sharper your lens and the ability to focus with give your  image less visible noise on a properly exposed image. Also the sharper the image the more you can enlarge without increasing the noise.

7. Shooting Technique – Stacking or single shots?  This is where people seem to separate in their styles. Do you shoot single images or do you shoot a set of images to stack later. I can honestly tell you that if you are not using one of the stacking programs available today (Sequator for Windows, Starry Landscape Stacker for Mac OS) your image quality will never be as good as those who do. This really all boils down to, “What am I going to do with the image?” If you are just out for fun and want to share online with friends and family then you probably don’t need to use one of the programs. If you are out shooting for images to print and or hang in homes or offices, then using one of the stacking programs will help advance your overall image quality. Personally, I stack all of my night images using Starry Landscape stacker the reason I use the stacking program vs noise reduction in PS or other programs is because it works the best to keep the details in the image while removing the noise. ALL the other programs remove more detail when any noise reduction is applied. I like details in my images. I don’t want my images to look like what some have called “oil paintings”. If you use too much noise reduction it can create a painterly feel by smoothing the entire scene and removing lots of detail. Can you get a good image without stacking? Sure, and if you never compare it to a stacked image chances are  you wont even know the difference. As you can see in the image below there is much less noise in the stacked image. No editing has been done to these images other than stacking. This is a 100% crop from the image below it after it’s been edited and sized for web presentation. By stacking you not only give yourself a much better starting point but your beginning image has more data (colors) to work with when you process it. By stacking images in your shooting technique, you no longer need to worry about the noise in each of the raw frames… I typically shoot my stacked sequences at 6400-12800 ISO because I know the stacking will remove the noise.. This allows me to use shorter exposure times and get sharper, more pinpoint stars. As a general rule of thumb, Stacking images to reduce noise reduction works like this, if you stack 16 images you will get a 4x noise reduction factor, If you stack 36 you will get a 6x noise reduction factor so that means that your 6400 ISO stack of 36 images will have an end result that has the noise of ISO 100. This works up until you get to 36 images, after that you need to double the images to get any more visible reduction…so 49 wouldn’t be any better than 36 but 72 images would.

school stack comp

Night Classes
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 Art, ISO 6400, F/3.2, 15 seconds X 24 images stacked

8. Calculating super long exposures – This is so easy. Let’s say you want to do an hour long exposure. You can’t just point your camera and set your timer for an hour… Well, you can but chances are you wont get the desired results. First you need a good test shot at a super High ISO. Your test shot can be 30 seconds because we don’t care if the stars are trailing a little or not…Once you get a good, properly exposed test shot at, for example let’s say 10,000 ISO, F/2.8, 30 seconds. then we know our final long exposure will be 80 ISO for 64 minutes and the image should look exactly as bright as the test shot at the high ISO.  No matter what your starting ISO is, just cut it in half and double the exposure time until you get down to your desired length. Most cameras now go below 100 ISO into what is known as expansion ISO’s. My D850 goes down to ISO 31 so for the above example, if your camera doesn’t go below 100, then just set it at 100. It’ll be slightly brighter but not by much. Most all the times in our workshops we start with test shots of 6400 ISO 2.8 and 30 seconds so then the final long exposure will be 100 ISO for 32 minutes. The long exposure is very useful for 2 reasons… 1. It will create beautiful star trails. 2. the low ISO foreground can be used to blend with a stacked sky for optimum results.  In the below image you can see the single high ISO image on the left and the long exposure at a low ISO on the right. The image quality of the low ISO image is 100x better in my opinion… Try this for yourself and see.

Hi ISO 3200 vs Low ISO 100

9. Post Processing – I think it’s safe to say that most of us are like kids in a candy store when it comes time to start processing our images… We get home, get the images stacked and then bring them into Lightroom or Adobe Camera Raw and start moving the sliders..We make the images bright and colorful, boost up the saturation and vibrance add some contrast and WOW…this looks awesome… Now go take a break for 15 minutes, give yourself a chance to be away from the computer…then come back and open your raw file on top of your processed file in photoshop, toggle back and forth and see if maybe you went too far too fast.. Maybe, just maybe, it needs to be toned down a bit. Other things to look for are processing artifacts caused by over processing your image. Banding between color gradients, Halos around rocks or buildings because you have too much contrast or sharpening,  Level your image… If this was not done when you shot it, do it now. Check for dust bunnies. Don’t be afraid to work on your image at 200-500% to make sure you get everything. Dust bunnies generally don’t show up in night images because we tend to shoot at wider f stops…but it’s always good to check for them. Remove Chromatic aberrations, these are the bright yellows, greens, reds, purples and blues around rocks and buildings or other areas where there is a lot of contrast… Each lens will produce a different amount and it’s fixable with one click in LR or ACR. I recommend you do this as a first step before doing all your other processing. When processing your images ask yourself, does this look right? Get another persons opinion before posting it. Is it too crunchy looking. In my opinion I feel that images that are over processed have a very harsh/crunchy feel to them and it’s just not my preference.  Remember, less is more and the cleaner you can get your image the better it will represent you as a photographer.

10. Use a star tracker or not? – This is a topic I feel pretty strong about on a personally level.   I’ve already spent money on camera, lenses, extra batteries, remote cord, memory cards, lights, light stands, do I really want to spend more money on another piece of gear to carry with me in the field… Not really, am I willing to try it? Sure… I even went so far as to borrow a friends tracker….guess where it is… sitting in my closet in a storage bin with other photographic accessories. Why? Because honestly I don’t feel the need to bring it with me and try to polar align it (you can only properly align it if you have clear visibility on the north star). For me personally, it’s just not something I want to deal with. I will say that when trackers get better and can track for a longer period of time I may reconsider this as an option.. For now, I am totally fine stacking images with amazing results.. I do suggest if you want to get into high quality night photography then check out a tracker and see if it may be an option for you. After all we all do things a little differently with different styles.

Delicate Arch Pano May2018
Made from 81 light frames – Nikon D810, Sigma 14mm 1.8 Art, ISO 6400, F/2.2, 20 seconds. 

As always, Thank you for taking the time to read my blog. I appreciate each one of you. If you have any questions at all please feel free to fill out the contact form and I’ll answer as soon as possible.

Companies whose products I use and support- 

Sigma Lenses

Robus Tripods

Moab Fine Art Papers

Interested in taking a Night Photography Workshop? We are already planning for 2021 at Night Photography Workshop in places like Moab, Utah; Yellowstone National Park as well as Colorado.  I offer Zoom Learning through private 1:1 Zoom sessions to help take your processing to the next level. Private Small Group workshops available here in Colorado as well. Contact me directly to learn more about these.  They are great for people who live in and around or travel to the Denver area. I have specific locations picked out based on the time of the year and what is up in the sky.

Estonia – Jan 2020

Tallinn City Views
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Art at 14mm, ISO 200, F/3.5, 1/80th second

In the Fall of 2018 I traveled to Iceland with a friend and we explored the southern part of the island. While we were at one of the waterfalls a young lady asked me if I would take her picture in front of the falls. I took a few of her, we chatted for a little while and then parted ways. Later that evening while back at our house in Iceland I decided to scroll through Instagram to get ideas for our next days shoot. As I was scrolling I saw the image I took of the young lady. I commented on the photo letting her know I was the one who took the image. @Sunshinetravelr and I connected and I began following her travels. Towards the end of Jan 2019 she began posting all these amazing images of this old Medieval town. It had beautiful cobblestone streets, quaint alleyways and side streets as well as an “Old Town”  I asked her where she was and where all the people were.  She told me, “Tallinn, Estonia”. This place was unlike any place I had ever seen before and I knew I had to go see this place for myself.

Tallinn View
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 28mm, ISO 31, F/9, 52 seconds

Because she was posting images that did not have any or many people in them I knew this was the same time I would like to go. Low Season when tourism numbers are scarce. I kept searching online and reading more and more about Tallinn and it just kept sounding more and more interesting to me so in June 2019 I asked a friend if he wanted to go with me and we booked our trip for Jan 2020. We ended up going for 8 days and that gave us plenty of time to see all the things we wanted to see. We did a little traveling outside the city as well to some old ruins, waterfalls and we did a day trip to Helsinki Finland.

Tallinn Towers
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 52mm, ISO 64, F/11, 15 seconds

The “Old Town” part of Tallinn is an old walled city. Tallinn is the best preserved medieval city in Northern Europe. It boasts Gothic Spires, winding cobblestone streets and amazing architecture. The 13th century city is so well preserved that it became an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The City of Tallinn celebrated its 800th year in 2019.  From Wikipedia – Tallinn, first mentioned in 1219, received city rights in 1248, but the earliest human settlements date back 5,000 years. The first recorded claim over the land was laid by Denmark in 1219, after a successful raid of Lyndanisse led by king Valdemar II, followed by a period of alternating Scandinavian and Teutonic rulers. Due to its strategic location, the city became a major trade hub, especially from the 14th to the 16th century, when it grew in importance as part of the Hanseatic League.

Viru Gates
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 32mm, ISO 31, F/11, 20 minutes

The Viru Gates were part of the 14th century defense system. The gates are now a historical landmark and are the entrance to one of the busiest streets in Tallinn. You can’t see anyone here in this image even though there were hundreds of people. I used a super long exposure to make the people disappear.

House of Blackheads
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 42mm, ISO 31, F/10, 1.6 seconds

“House of Blackheads” – The name doesn’t sound to great but this is really what it is… Tallinn is pretty well known for it’s doors. In fact their doors on their buildings are so old and unique that there are people who make projects out of photographing/painting each one. This is probably the most famous.
The following is from Wikipedia – House of the Brotherhood of Black Heads, in Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is a former headquarters of the Brotherhood of Blackheads. Historically this was a professional association of ship owners, merchants and foreigners dating from the 14th century. They were active in Livonia (present-day Estonia and Latvia) but fled to Germany during the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States in 1940. The House of the Blackheads was visited by several Russian Emperors including Peter I, Paul I and Alexander I who also became honorable members the Brotherhood.
The building was acquired by this organization in 1517. In 1597 it was renovated under supervision of the architect Arent Passer. The façade was rebuilt in the style of Renaissance architecture from the Low Countries. The painted doors date from the 1640s. A Maure, a symbol of Saint Maurice, the patron saint of the Brotherhood, appears both carved in wood and sculpted in stone above the door.
The House of the Brotherhood of Black Heads today comprises three separate buildings, and has four halls and several other rooms which are used for a variety of events.[2] The White Hall was built in 1531-32, but was remodelled during reconstruction work between 1909 and 1911.[3] St. Olaf’s Guild Hall, whose interior architecture comes from the early 15th century, was purchased by the Blackheads in 1919 and was remodeled between 1919 and 1922.

Town Square Tree
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Art at 24mm, ISO 200, F/8, 1/30th second

Sunset in the Town Square
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Art at 17mm, ISO 200, F/8, 1/250th second

The town square is the most popular part of Tallinn. Each year it hosts a massive Christmas market (google it for amazing images). We arrived after Christmas and missed the market but the tree was still up. I’m not sure when the tree is taken down or who is responsible for that task. Being there at the end of January and seeing the tree still up with no lights was a little odd to me. Nonetheless, we enjoyed it just the same. If you look at the small puddle in the street on the top image you will see that that is where I took the 2nd image from. Just getting down lower with a wide angle lens allowed me to capture this beautiful reflection of the sunset. There are many streets that lead to and from the town square so it’s easy to find compelling compositions for photography.

Window to the Past
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 35mm, ISO 64, F/13, 1/100th second

Cathedral Towers
Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm 2.8 Sport at 85mm, ISO 64, F/6.3, 1/1000th second

On the second to last day of our trip the clouds broke and allowed some nice blue sky to come through. We took full advantage and explored the city with our big cameras. Yes, there were some days we only took our phones because of the rain. On the day we visited Helsinki, Finland it was a downpour so we decided not to worry about lugging the big cameras and only took our phones..Even then, we didn’t take too many images because of the weather.  These views from the Hellemann Tower were sure a fun experience. Again you can see there were just not many people here and we used this to our advantage to take our time with our tripods and set up good shots without having to worry about people getting in our way. It’s a 14th century, 3 story tower that offers amazing views of Tallinn’s medieval defenses.  It was used as a prison and a weapons store. Now it simply attracts tourists and houses art galleries.

Welcome Home
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Art at 14mm, ISO 31, F/6.3, 1/25th second

Depending on which way you’re walking, this massive door leads you to or from Short Leg Street.  I have not been able to find any history on this door but my guess would be that this is a newer version of an original that was built in the 15th century. This small walkway along these steps is what connected upper town and lower town hundreds of years ago when tensions were tight between the 2 towns. The rich merchants of the lower town and the nobleman and knights of the upper town both wanted to obtain more power. This door is probably 10ft tall, 4-6 inches thick and very heavy. Now that I think about it, I wish I would have taken some images of the iron hinges.

Take Me Back in Time
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Art at 14mm, ISO 31, F/7.1, 1/160th second

The previous image with the door is the walk way that leads to the stairs in this image. I simply stepped back through this archway to snap this shot showing the stairs and cobblestone street. This is a walking only street as it’s too narrow for cars.

Painter in the Alleyway
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 82mm, ISO 64, F/13, 30 seconds

This guy was painting the scene you see here and selling the small art works. I did not see anyone buy from him while we were there. This cobblestone street leads you into Upper Town before walking down the small passage to Lower Town.

Cobblestone Cafe
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Art at 18mm, ISO 64, F/16, 10 seconds

My favorite time to shoot was very early in the morning when the locals were walking to work before the sun came up. The yellow building you see here is Cafe Maiasmokk. It’s the oldest operating cafe in Estonia, let alone Tallinn. It’s been in the same location since 1864. It was just beginning to show when I was shooting this image. The building also has museum about the history and uses of marzipan.

Quiet Mornings in Tallinn
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 105mm, ISO 64, F/13, 13 seconds

Simply turning around from the previous image provided me with this view. Empty streets, storefronts and beautiful soft pre sunrise light. Veta is an Estonian clothing brand that began in 1994 and they opened their 5th store in Tallinn in 2011. While the brand may not be new by Estonian standards, it’s in a beautiful old building that dates back to the 15th or 16th century and has quickly became an “instagramable” hot spot.

Porsche Graffiti
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 52mm, ISO 64, F/8, 3 seconds

While out walking around one evening we came across this dirty Porsche parked next to an old wall with lots of graffiti. I don’t know what it all says and I think the not knowing makes the image a bit more striking to me. Seeing it and photographing it in color was nice but the black and white is what really spoke to me.

Monk's Alley
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 32mm, ISO 64, F/9, 3 seconds

St. Catherine’s Passage – formerly known as the Monk’s Alley, winds its way from Vene Street past the southern end of the Dominican monastery to Müürivahe Street. St Catherine’s church, from which the alley took its name, is thought to have been built here more than 700 years ago. The southern side of the alley is lined with predominantly 15th-17th century residences. The alley as a whole retains its medieval atmosphere. It was last restored in 1995. This was one of the places I really wanted to photograph. To get this shot, timing was crucial. Evening light, shops closed for the day and no one walking through the passage. It didn’t take long to get the shot, I simply waited until the business (red door on the right) closed for the night. There were people walking through from time to time and I did shoot some of those as well but the emptiness of this old passage was the feeling I was going for. I may also try it in black and white to remove the warm tones from the lights.

Path to Church
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 24mm, ISO 64, F/11, 30 seconds

Nevsky Begger
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Art at 20mm, ISO 100, F/13, 1/100th second

Uptown in Oldtown
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 35mm, ISO 64, F/8, 0.8 seconds

The above 3 images show the Alexandar Nevsky Cathedral. I have heard a lot of mixed feelings about this place and while some people love it, some people feel it’s out of place and doesn’t belong here. Neither of these opinions are for me to decide. To me it was a very unique building with amazing architechture that was Soviet inspired. It was built between 1894-1900 while Estonia was still part of the Russian Empire.  From Wikipedia – The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is Tallinn’s largest and grandest orthodox cupola cathedral. It is dedicated to Saint Alexander Nevsky who in 1242 won the Battle of the Ice on Lake Peipus, in the territorial waters of present-day Estonia.  One rainy day we went inside to get out of the rain for a little bit and much to our amazement we heard a young man reading from scripture. It was more of a chant than reading and it sounded amazing. If any of you have heard this, you will know what I am talking about. Pictures were not allowed inside.  The second image you see above, black and white, is one I felt compelled to take. As we walked out of the cathedral there was a lady who appeared to be homeless standing at the bottom of the steps. It didn’t seem like she was begging and I am not sure what to really make of why she was there. As I walked away and turned around I saw this image. It hit me like a brick. With the woman at the bottom of the empty stairs and no one around it created an emotion inside of me. Partly because I did not know why she was there and partly because she completed the image and finished telling the story.

Ungru Lossi
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 52mm, ISO 64, F/7.1, 1/50th second

We did have a rental car and we only used it one day.  I had done a little searching online to find things outside of Tallinn that may be of some interest and unique that those who just visited Tallinn would not see. From Baltic Coastal Hiking – The ruins of the Ungru manor used to represent one of the most impressive Neo-Baroque buildings in Estonia, although it never was really finished. Its sophisticated footprint and the numerous baroque volute ornaments on its gables are characteristic for the castle. Interesting to know: The Ungru Manor was an almost exact copy of the Merseburg castle in Germany. After World War II the manor fell into the hands of Soviet troops, in 1968 the chief of the airport decided to use the ruins of the manor to fill in the holes in the runway. About one third of the manor was torn down, fortunately the rest was preserved until today.

I’ll be honest, it was the unique features and remoteness that made me want to see this. This image was shot on a flat grey overcast day so I decided to use some creative processing to create an older more appealing image that appears to date back to it’s time.

Rail Museum
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Art at 22mm, ISO 200, F/4.5, 1/40th second

Haapsalu, Estonia is home to the Railway and Communications museum. It was built from 1903-1905. Just to my right are some old train cars. I felt the design of the building with its bright colors was a better picture. This covered area is 648 feet long and where passengers would have waited to board the trains. Passenger trains continued running until September of 1995.

Jagala Wide
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm Art at 24mm, ISO 31, F/16, 30 seconds

Jagala Falls
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Art at 16mm, ISO 31, F/10, 15 seconds

Jagala Jogi River was simply a waterfall I wanted to see. It’s located east of Tallinn about 15 min and we arrived when it was almost dark. There are 2 access points, one on each side of the falls and we make the most of our time and shot from both locations. As you can see from the 2nd image the water was shallow and not covering the entire rock face. We could have walked across if we wanted to get wet.  The waterfall is roughly 24ft high and 150 wide making it the widest natural waterfall in Estonia.

Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm Art at 14mm, ISO 200, F/7.1, 1/8th second

Driving on the highway through Taebla you will see Lääne-Nigula Church. The building was built in 1760 and restored in 1816, the steeple dates back to 1882. The height of the church is 156ft of which the spire is 81 ft tall.
There is an old cemetery around the church filled with old crosses and headstones. This was not a planned find. We were simply driving and saw this huge spire from the road and decided to turn in and see what it was.  I loved the old green door.

Olde Hansa
Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm 2.8 Sport at 200mm, ISO 200, F/5.6, 1/25th second

The medieval restaurant Olde Hansa is the home of a rich merchant, whose guests enjoy delicious, authentic Hansa-era meals and drinks, true period music and always friendly service.  Our waitress was a very fun, outgoing lady who played her part well.  All of the dishes on the menu, including many wild game delicacies, are cooked using 15th century recipes and methods. Medieval musicians sat high above us in the corner of the room and played their music. This image was shot from our apartment as 2 ladies walked around the corner shops.

All in all I took over 3000 images while I was there. I simply had to pick the ones I felt worked well and were to the point.  If you follow me on Instagram or Facebook you will see more from the trip as I get them edited. I sure appreciate the time you took to read and look at the images. If you have any questions at all, please feel free to ask.

A huge thank you to the following companies who support my work and products I use on my photography adventures.

Sigma Lenses

Nitecore Lights

Robus Tripods

Moab Fine Art Papers

Englewood Camera

All images are available as Fine Art Prints, Canvas, Metals or Acrylics. I will be adding them to my website soon. If you wish to obtain one of these please contact me directly.

Darren White Photography Website

Please feel free to use the comment box below to connect with me. I always love hearing your thoughts and opinions.


A look back on 2019 in pictures

Before we get started I wanted to say, “thank you” to everyone who has helped support me over the last year. From purchasing prints, licensing images and taking workshops 2019 was a fantastic year with so many memories. When I asked on my FB page if people wanted to see 12 of my favorite images of the year or my favorites from each month, the answer was clear, you wanted to see my faves from each month.  I love that you want to see this because it helps keep me shooting all year long when in reality, I could easily take some time off in Jan and Feb when the weather isn’t favorable for photography where I live.

It’s super hard to pick 1 image from each month because some months include several shooting locations. So this year I have sat down and picked out 27 images to share with you. I picked these 27 out of the 754 master files I created this year.  I love photography, I love being out shooting images and sharing the beauty of what I see with you. From the West Coast all the way to the Caribbean, abandoned nights to beautiful sunrise and sunsets, I’ll be talking about each of these images in detail so you know the story behind them.   In this set of images there are no blends or composites. All are real images as seen through the camera as they were when I shot them. I hope you enjoy!



Smooth Water At Thunder Rock
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm, ISO 64, F/9, 6 min exposure 

“Smooth Water” 

After hosting a workshop along the central Oregon Coast, I took some time for some personal shooting along the southern Oregon Coast. There are many places where you can get right out to the waters edge with breathtaking views. This is a short 10 min hike down to an overlook (flat spot on a rock) that offers views that span 270 degrees wide. When I started this shot the sunlight wasn’t showing but during the super long exposure the sun started to light up the horizon. The smooth water is created by using a very long exposure.


Jupiter Rising
Nikon D850, Sigma 50mm, ISO 6400, F/2.5, 8 seconds

“Jupiter Rising” 

2019 will always be known as the year Jupiter was riding around the Dark Horse Nebula. Right above the cross on the old abandoned church you will see a bright spot, That’s Jupiter, and it stayed there for the entire summer. It moved around a little bit but not much. I am honestly happy to say that as much fun as it was to watch the various positions of Jupiter in the DHN, I am glad it wont be there in 2020. It will be under the Milky Way aligned with Mars, Saturn and Pluto (the 9th planet). Venus is the bright planet you see in this image in the lower left. Shot in Eastern Colorado on a moonless night.


Afternoon at the Dunes
Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm 2.8 Sport Lens, ISO 31, F/14, 1/60th second

“Afternoon at the Dunes”

Great Sand Dunes National Park offers stunning views, there is no doubt about that. My intentions were to hike out onto the dunes and create some images with beautiful sand patterns in the foreground. Upon my arrival I realized I had picked the windiest day of the year to attempt this. Making the most of it, I did walk out onto the dunes only to find that it was impossible to shoot while being sandblasted. I don’t mind shooting in a little rain or wind but when there is blowing sand involved I am a little more careful with my gear… 1 or 2 grains of sand can run a lens. I saw the clouds rolling in and decided to cut my losses and come back another time in hopes of calmer weather. As I was driving out of the park I noticed some deer along the side of the road. I stopped to take their picture and then looked back and saw this scene. What caught my eye was the angle of light and various textures in each of the 4 layers of the image from foreground to sky. The baby blue sky was nice but I felt the image was stronger in back and white and that was my thought when I was actually shooting the image.

Orion's Winds
Nikon D850, Sigma 14mm 1.8, ISO 3200, F/2.2, 30 seconds

“Orion Winds” 

In March I had a unique opportunity to visit Apache Point Observatory in New Mexico with a friend who was able to get us permission to stay up there for a night and shoot. We had planned for 2 nights in case of weather and we lucked out and had great skies on the first night. The second night a storm rolled in and it was totally cloudy. While we were there we had the freedom to pretty much shoot anywhere we wanted as long as we were not in the way of the researchers. The astronomers who were working there were super nice and willing to talk to us about what they were doing. Most were college students working on various levels research for papers. We got to see how the Sloan 2.5 meter telescope worked and how they are using fiber optics in metal plates to map the sky.  That was really cool. Looking south in this image you see Orion as it’s rising up over the housing for the SDSS (Sloan Telescope) on the far left and the ARCSAT 0.5m telescope just to the right of it. Higher up in the atmosphere were some winds which caused the clouds to streak during the exposure. The lights in the background are from El Paso, TX and Juarez Mexico.


Through the Looking Glass
Nikon D850, Sigma 14mm 1.8, ISO 31, F/7.1, 1/320th second

“Through the Looking Glass”

In and around the Moab area there are many hidden treasures if you are willing to go looking for them. Because I knew we had a BLM permit to teach in other places besides Arches and Canyonlands I started doing a little research for other places to take our group during our workshops.  As coincidental as it may be, while looking on Google Maps I was also scrolling through facebook and noticed an image of this arch. I asked my friend if he would give up the location and he soon responded with enough info for me to find it.  I had some time to kill so I went and scouted it out.  When I got close enough to park I was looking at it thinking, nah, this wont work but then when I got out and started walking around I soon realized that this was an amazing place to shoot the night sky with a group. What I also noticed was how the midday sun was creating some amazing shadows that were just deep enough to give this image so much depth and texture. I shot low and wide to capture the beauty of this place in it’s sunlit glory.


Riding through the Heavens
Nikon D850, Sigma 20mm 1.4, ISO 6400, F/2.5, 15 seconds

“Riding Through the Heavens” 

Here we are with the group of amazing workshop students who were willing to trust our knowledge and planning. We arrived just as the Milky Way was rising up over the arch. We took our time and got everyone set up in a spot they felt comfortable. After everyone was set up and shooting, I dropped back to set my camera up and capture a timelapse while I worked with the group. During one of my test shots to dial in the settings this meteor when streaking through the sky.

Graffiti Inn
Nikon D850, Sigma 14mm 1.8, ISO 8000, F/2.5, 13 seconds x 90 images 

“Graffiti Inn”

An old abandoned stagecoach sits under Polaris as the Earth spins at roughly 1000 mph. The goal of this location was to shoot the Milky Way as a pano arching over the old building. We were able to do that successfully and then we decided to try other things.  The sky was super clear and that means it’s a great time to do some star trails. There are some reports that this place is haunted. Legend has it that the lady ghost is waiting for her fiance to arrive on his horse. He was killed in a hold up on his way to join her on their wedding night in May of 1878.  I was hoping to see her but she never appeared. Maybe next time I’ll ride a horse to the old stagecoach.

Valley Views
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm, ISO 64, F/10, 1/8th second

“Valley Views” 

This is the Lasal Viewpoint in Arches National Park. It’s a place I visit often, generally at night, but rarely shoot during the day. I find the scene rather challenging most of the time. On this particular morning I could see the clouds building as it was getting light and thought this may be a good time to take out my camera and find a nice composition. Often times the clouds are never where we want them. Just as the sun was getting ready to come over the horizon this really nice pastel light appeared and created the soft tones you see here. I gave the image some breathing room by standing back just a little bit from the edge so that the viewer would have a sense of place as if they were standing there too.


Canyon Clouds
Nikon D850, Sigma 20mm 1.4, ISO 64, F/10, 1/50th second

“Canyon Clouds”

I spend roughly 35-50 days a year in Arches National Park. Scouting locations and teaching workshops gives me a good sense of the area.  This is a location I had been to many times before but had never went the extra 100 feet past the arch to see what was on the other side. Directly behind me is the arch. The sun was setting and we were waiting patently for the sky to get dark so we could shoot the Milky Way when I noticed this unique rock that looked to be balancing on one side. I had nice clouds with good light but I couldn’t figure out the composition…It needed balance and I was very limited where I could stand to shoot. I felt the rocks on the right and left balanced out the image nicely with the sprawling clouds in the sky.

Sugar Beach Piton Views
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm, ISO 64, F/8, 1/400th second

“Sugar Beach Piton’s View”

With a small family of just 3 people it may seem easy to agree on a vacation destination yet we all have different likes and wants when it comes to where we want to visit. We sat down and did some looking and found a place that fit all our needs and wants. We ended up in St. Lucia. This worked out well for all of us and I was even able to do a little work while I was there. From our resort we had amazing views looking south between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean but the real adventure started when we took a catamaran out into the Caribbean to see the island from the water. The views were idyllic. The lush green trees of the hillsides towering up into the sapphire blue sky with homes nestled along the shores and boats in the water. It was just too perfect not to capture with my camera. We visited 2 locations to do some snorkeling and I opted out of the second one so that I could spend some time capturing this beautiful island.


Warmth Rising
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 at 14mm, ISO 3200, F/3.2, 20 seconds

“Warmth Rising”

After a couple years scouting and planning (and waiting for permits and lodging) we were finally able to make our 1st Yellowstone National Park Night Photography Workshop a reality. It sold out extremely fast and we were super excited to be able to bring people into such a popular place and have them leave with such unique photos. After the sun goes down the crowds just vanish and we basically had the entire park to ourselves. This is one of the locations we had scouted out to share with our workshop students. In this area there are 3 thermal pools which all offer great views of the Milky Way. The trick here was to get the image while the steam was being blowing in the other direction so that it wasn’t blocking the view of the Milky Way. You can see Andromeda just to the right of the steam above the hill in the back. The workshop was a huge success and we look forward to doing it again this year!

Final Sunrise
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 at 14mm, ISO 64, F/7.1, 1/30th second

“Final Sunrise”

We finished our Yellowstone workshop on July 7th about 2am in the morning and I knew I was headed to Montana. I had seen pictures of this old church and it top on my list of places to visit and photograph. I packed up all my stuff and left Yellowstone about 2:30am and made the 600 mile drive up to Dooley, Montana. I stopped along the way and shot other things, took a nap and just made sure I was up there before sunset.  I had plenty of time and made it with time to spare. I took my time getting familiar with the area as a massive storm rolled in. About 9pm on July 7th, thunder and lightning started and it lasted a good 5-6 hours. The sky started clearing just before sunrise. I grabbed my camera and did a walk around of the building to find a good vantage point to shoot from. After shooting for 30 min the sun came up and headed out to my next locations.  When I got home a few days later I found out that the church had collapsed just hours after this shot was taken. There was another photographer who was doing some scouting just after I had left and when he arrived the church had already collapsed.  The Rocky Valley Lutheran Church was built in 1915 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. Collapsed July 8th, 2019. I feel blessed that I had the opportunity to be the last person to photograph it during it’s final sunrise. The scary thing is, as I was walking around the church I stopped on the right side, looked in the window and snapped some pictures of the sunrise through the windows on the left side. I am very lucky it didn’t fall on me.

Feeling Alone
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 at 19mm, ISO 100, F/8, 1/400th second

“Feeling Alone”

Each summer after our first set of workshops is over, we take a break for about 30 days to allow us time with our families and friends. During that time I always make my way back to the Oregon Coast. I always enjoy being on the beaches when the tides are super low. This allows me to access places that you usually can’t get to during a normal tide. This morning was one of those days. I had just finished shooting sunrise and continued my walk along the beach to see what I could find. I went through an arch and up over some rocks and ended up here on this wide open expansive beach. I had been here before several times when I lived on the coast. There were no other people here when I got here but as soon as I was done photographing this lone crab a few other people showed up. The crab was alive and well, just hanging out watching the waves roll up on the beach. He had the whole beach to himself and the sun was on his back!


Stargazing Dock
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 at 24mm, ISO 6400, F/3.2, 15 seconds

“Stargazing Dock” 

I wont lie, I first saw an image of this location on Instagram. Normally I wouldn’t pay much attention but there was something about the image that really caught my eye. I kept looking and looking and trying to figure out how the photographer lit the trees on the other side of the water so perfectly. I didn’t see any lights in their image and after finding the place on Google Maps and seeing how it was positioned even made me more curious. I contacted a friend and asked if he wanted to join me to see what this place was really about and he willingly said sure! We arrived before sunrise to have a good look at the place in the daylight and neither of us could figure it out. We were completely confused on how they had lit the far side of the water up so nicely. We were in awe of how still the water was and how we could see the reflection perfectly. It wasn’t until after it got dark that we solved the mystery of the unlikely light source.  If you look on the far left side of the image you will see a yellow light, that light is from a pole that is in a rest area and that is the light is is positioned so perfectly that it lights up the side of the lake. Not too bright and not too dim…just far enough away to work perfectly. I made sure to set up my camera with the light just outside the frame yet still show a little of where the light was coming from.  We shot here for a couple hours and then the wind picked up, killed the reflection so we called it a night.

Sunflowers at Sunset
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 at 24mm, ISO 64, F/22, 1/25th second

“Sunflowers at Sunset”

There are a few areas in Colorado that are known for their massive fields of Sunflowers. Farmers rotate the crops each year so the first people who go looking never know where they are going to find them. Of course once they are found and put on the internet the whole world knows. That’s ok, they’re just sunflowers and they are still on someones property which we need to be respectful about. Knowing I did not want to go into the fields, I walked around trying to find a grouping that looked nice that I could shoot from outside on the edge. These 2 looked so happy to see me and I knew the sun was going to be going down fast. I did my best to compose the image with balance and depth making sure not too many of the sunflowers were being blocked by other sunflowers. Easier said than done. Making sure to get close enough so that my horizon wasn’t dead center and that the 2 flowers were helping fill the frame was my goal. I set my tripod up, got the camera positioned correctly and began shooting as the sun went down. I could see in the camera the way the petals were backlit by the sun and I knew that was going to help make a strong image.

Nobody's Home
Nikon D850, Sigma 24mm 1.4, ISO 8000, F/2.5, 15 seconds

“Nobody’s Home”

Summer wouldn’t be complete without a trip to Kansas. Just my opinion. It’s funny how things come full circle in life and it may take years and years and years before we realize it. All my Mom’s side of the family is from Kansas. When I was in 2nd grade (1982) I visited Kansas for the first time for a family reunion. When I was 18 (1993) I took my Grandma back to the family reunion with me. This was only my 2nd time in Kansas. My mom and grandma were both big on keeping up on family trees and our ancestors. Fast forward to Summer of 2016. I’ve now been living in Colorado for 3 years and decide it’s time to start exploring other states. Kansas was right next door. The Kansas border is 3 hours from my house.  By this time my love for old abandoned buildings was rising at an alarming rate.  Kansas was the perfect neighbor. Ever since then I have been spending about 2-3 weeks a year in Kansas, exploring the backroads. I have spent time in the towns where my relatives were from, learned some of the history and really just had a chance to explore and find things I never knew existed. This old square home being one of them. I was on my way to Zurich, KS (pop 99, less now) to see the place where some of my family was from when I looked up on a hillside and saw what looked to be an old home.  I turned around, drove up the gravel road and found this beauty. I was in awe. It was amazing, I had not seen any other pictures of it and it was in the perfect location for night photography. I went to Zurich, looked around but didn’t find much, pondered my family’s existence there and wondered how they lived or ended up not living then took the long quiet drive back to my hotel, grabbed some dinner and made my way back here in time to capture the Milky Way right over the house.  I saw 3 cars in the 4 hours I was there. None of them wanted anything to do with me (normally people stop and grill you with questions). This was a special night for me that I will remember for a very long time.


Nikon D850, Sigma 14mm 1.8, ISO 100, F/2.2, 37 minutes


Our workshops are made up of a diverse student base. Students come from all over the globe with different skill levels and ideas of what they want to capture. This is where having 2 instructors comes in really handy. On this evening we arrived at our location and a large portion of the group wanted to shoot the Milky Way while 1 of the students wanted to learn how to do star trails. I knew where this tree was that would work perfect as a foreground subject under the swirling stars. We split from the group. Mike and his group went to shoot the Milky Way while Jim and myself walked over to this tree. Working together, side by side with Jim, I was able to help him capture the star trails like he had always wanted to do. The light you see on the horizon is Moab, Utah and the light in the foreground is from a LED panel on the lowest setting, facing straight down at the ground so that only the residual light is hitting the rocks and tree.

Moonlight and Milky Way
Nikon D850, Sigma 14mm 1.8, ISO 8000, F/3.2, 20 seconds

“Moonlight and Milky Way”

There is no doubt that for most people who attend our workshops in Moab that Delicate Arch is the most prized location. Yes, it’s iconic, yes, it’s crowded at sunset, these are statements I wont deny. I’ve seen as many as 300 people or more up there for sunset at times. Our group hangs back and enjoys the views as the sun dips below the horizon. Almost like clockwork, the moment the sun is below the horizon people start leaving. My guess is because they don’t want to hike back down in the dark. We stay patient for a little while longer and then when most of the people have left or are headed out, we make our way over to the arch and claim our small piece of real estate for the night. This image is a late season image meaning it was shot towards the end of Milky Way season when the Milky Way is more vertical in the sky. We timed it with a setting moon that would light up the arch for the first half of the night. When the moon goes down the skies get super dark and the Milky Way just pops out at you once your eyes adjust to the dark. In this image I wanted to convey all the elements to the viewer so I left the students in the shot, the Moon as it was very low on the horizon and the Milky Way in perfect position over the arch.

Radio Silence
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 at 24mm, ISO 8000, F/2.8, 10 seconds

“Radio Silence”

Located in SE Colorado in the middle of nowhere sits this old radio telescope. When you’re parked on the dirt road looking at this, it’s pretty big. As it gets darker and darker and the Milky Way appears, the telescope gets smaller and smaller. This is an image that really puts things into perspective for me. The Radio Telescope is maybe 100ft tall, top to bottom. Jupiter, the bright dot to the upper left of the telescope is 450 million miles away and is big enough to fit 1300 earths inside. The lagoon nebula, the purple dot inside the milky way just to the left of Jupiter and up a hair is 4077 light years away from Earth. Each light year is 93,000,000 miles. That dot, the lagoon nebula, is 600 trillion miles across. Let that sink in for a while… We, not just humans, but Earth in general, are dwarfed by the size of our universe. I found this location to be a fantastic spot to sit quietly and just ponder.


Guiding Light
Nikon D850, Sigma 70-200mm Sport at 200mm, ISO 800, F/4.5, 0.8 seconds

“Guiding Light”

Oct 13th, Nebraska, Hunter’s Moonrise. Photographers can be over thinkers and planners. We have so many tools at our disposal now that we can sit in our house and plan a shot without ever actually seeing a location. After finding this church on Google Maps, that’s what I did. I figured out what events were coming up, what days I had free (the family was on another trip with their family) and decided to make the most of it. I knew the full moon would set behind this little old church. I knew what day it would happen and I knew the exact time based on info I gained from PhotoPills (everyone should have this app). I allowed myself 4 days. The church sits atop a small hill in the middle of nowhere Nebraska. I made the trip with a short detour through Kansas (to scout other places). I was so focused on capturing the moon setting behind the church that I never even thought to think about shooting it as it was rising. I literally stayed at this church for 3 solid days waiting for the perfect moment. I drove the backroads in the area looking for other little gems, shot the stars at night under the moonlight and then on the last night, right after I shot this image, the clouds rolled in. It had been crystal clear for 4 days with not a hint of clouds… I was ok with that because I knew it would make for a better sunrise with the setting moon and it did. The sky turned an amazing shade of pink just before the moon went down. I got the exact shot I was after and all my planning paid off.  But this, this was the unexpected surprise of the trip. I had totally forgot about the full rising Hunter Moon. I was coming back to the church after shooting another abandoned place and I saw the way the sunlight was hitting the headstones of the graveyard. I then started to see the glow on the horizon and realized it was the moon rising. I quickly (1 min or less) figured out where I needed to be to get the moon perfectly in front of the church. I was able to take about 3 test shots before the moon was in place, I shot a couple with it perfectly centered while the light was still hitting the headstones and then it was out of place and too high.

Joe and Kelly at the Overleaf watching the storm
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 35mm, ISO 31, F/9, 1/60th second

“Joe and Kelly”

With my Oregon Coast workshop coming up I had been watching the weather very closely. I always arrive a few days early to scout areas (tides cause big changes in beaches) and get settled in. From my room at the Overleaf Lodge and Spa in Yachats I could see this massive shelf cloud forming but it was so far out that the rain was not affecting us on the shore.  I walked out of my room and saw this couple sitting on the bench watching the storm and grabbed their picture. They later got up and as they were walking back to their room I stopped them to show them the image and ask if they wanted a copy. They were more than pleased to have one. As luck would have it the dates I picked for the workshop were right between 2 major storm systems. It’s not often you see clouds like this on the Oregon Coast so I was happy to have the chance to photograph the storm watchers!

Frosted Trees
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 at 18mm, ISO 64, F/8, 1/2000th second

“Frosted Trees”

Living next to a state park has it’s perks. It gives me a “go to” place to photograph when I time is short or the weather changes in a very short amount of time. It was really cold and had snowed all night. I got up, looked at the weather app and saw clearing just after sunrise. In Colorado the snow rarely sticks around on the trees. It’s either super dry snow and evaporates or the temps rise really quickly and the snow falls off and melts. Getting over to the park in a timely manner was crucial. They have re-done many parts of the park which allow new vantage points. I found this area with extremely calm water to shoot the reflections of these freshly coated trees. Getting super low allowed me to capture the full reflection of the tall trees.

Fall Romance
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 35mm, ISO 31, F/18, 1/2 second

“Fall Romance”

At the end of October I took a trip to the east coast to photograph some fall colors with a friend. I knew we would be a bit late but due to other commitments I had to plan the trip when time allowed. We visited several state parks and other photogenic areas while I was there. Even made a trip up to New York which was beautiful. This image was shot in Pennsylvania in the bottom of a canyon where to water systems meet. This was half way through our 10hr hike in Ricketts Glenn State park. The day was perfect for shooting waterfalls. We had overcast skies and smooth even light the whole day. I actually like the sparsely colored scene as it allows your eye to appreciate the colors but also focus on the waterfall. This was an amazing place that I hope to return to someday. This hike isn’t for the faint of heart, it’s steep going down and steep going back up. There is no easy way to hike the entire loop.


Glade Creek Grilst Mill
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 at 16mm, ISO 31, F/18, 1/3rd second

“Glade Creek Grist Mill” 

On my last morning of my trip back east we visited this iconic location. I had seen a million images of it and sure enough it was just as nice in person. There is always a special feeling I get being in a spot I have seen so many pictures of. Looking for some slightly different comps (are there any) I decided to get low by the water and shoot looking up towards the mill. We had some nice clouds and some nice light as the sun was just making it’s way over the horizon. While we were there, only one other person showed up. It was nice to be there past the peak season so we didn’t have to fight the crowds.  It’s a working mill that is only 44 years old. I am sure most people think it’s much older. The basic structure comes from Stoney Creek Grist Mill which was located in Pocahontas County and dates back to the 1890’s. The giant wheel, which is pushed around by Glade Creek, and in-turn powers the giant grindstone, is from the Spring Run Grist Mill in Grant County.

Midnight Rest
Sigma fp, Sigma 45mm 2.8, ISO 400, F/5, 4 seconds

“Midnight Rest”

Another opportunity to photograph something that I may never get to shoot again in my life? Yes, I’ll jump at the chance. At the end of November The “Big Boy” locomotive was making it’s way across America and it just happened to be coming through Kansas. Like I need another reason to visit Kansas!  I started looking at Google Maps trying to find a place away from the crowds where I could photograph it with the big plume of steam as it crossed a trestle. I did my research, found a great spot, contacted my friend in Kansas and he was able to figure out the land owner and tenant. We got permission to access the land and shoot the train. It was a huge success. Everything worked out as we planned. I ended up following the train to Sharon Springs, Kansas. My plan was to shoot it at sunset and then again at sunrise. After the train had parked for the day and I arrived, I found hundreds of people gathered around. It was very cold out so I decided to find a hotel room and grab a shower and a nap. I looked to find out when the moon was going to come up and realized it would be coming up at 3am. I left the hotel at 1am went down to the train station and I was the only one there other than the police officer who was on duty.  I talked to him and told him I was going to photograph the moon coming up over the train and he said that wouldn’t be an issue since it was parked. He told I could go anywhere I needed.  It was still freezing cold out so I would take some shots, go sit in my car and warm up and then repeat until the moon had come up far enough where I could shoot it over the train. While I was there there were 2 other people who showed up to photograph it as well. Both nice people who I ended up talking to for a while. One of them is the gentleman you see in this image. The other guy had left and it was just he and I shooting the train, as he walked off and set up his own shot, I stayed in my spot and kept shooting.  He couldn’t have positioned himself any better.


Pull me in
Nikon D850, Sigma 14-24mm 2.8 at 14mm, ISO 100, F/8, 2 seconds

“Pull Me In” 

I ended the year with a 2 week trip to the Oregon Coast. A week of shooting for myself and a week to visit my Dad. It was amazing. For the most part of the trip I didn’t have epic skies for sunrises and sunsets (only 2 days of the whole trip) but I did have storms, big waves and dark, dramatic clouds. For an Oregon boy, that was perfect. I had just as much fun hiking along the coast in the rain as I would have taking pictures.  In between storm systems I did pull out my camera to capture the drama as it unfolded before me. This is an image that was shot well before sunrise when the clouds were super dark. It allowed me to use a long exposure and capture the water rushing around the rocks in the foreground. I have not seen many pictures, if any, of this rock which is surprising because it’s very easy to access.

Storm Channels
Nikon D850, Sigma 24-105mm at 48mm, ISO 31, F/22, 1.6 seconds

“Storm Channels” 

To some of you this may look familiar. It’s a scene I shot last year too but when I did, I cut the tops of the trees off. I am not sure what I was thinking. I wanted to go back and re-shoot it and make sure not to cut the tops of the trees off. Just like before, I had nice dark, stormy skies to work with. The light was moody but even which allowed for easy exposures. For those of you who don’t know where this location is, it’s near Brookings, Oregon and down a hillside to where you come out and are standing on top of an arch. You can feel the waves hit the rock you’re standing on and the rush you get is amazing. For me, personally, it was the perfect way to end the year. During the first part of my trip I had a friend with me and being able to show him these places was a blast.

Thank you all for taking the time to read my blog’s. I do appreciate it. I welcome any questions or comments you may have and will gladly answer questions.

I’d like to say thanks to the following companies for their continued support over the years. Please take a moment and check our the links as you may find something that interests you. 

Sigma Lenses and Cameras

Overleaf Lodge and Spa

Moab Fine Art Papers

Robus Tripods

Englewood Camera

Nitecore Flashlights and illumination

Reed Art and Imaging Printing

Artbeat Studios Printing

If you are interested in workshops you can find more info at the following links. 

Night Photography Workshops in Utah, Colorado and Wyoming

Oregon Coast Workshop in Bandon, Oregon

If you’d like to purchase prints of any of my images, please visit my website Darren White Photography and use FEUFEX at checkout for 30% off. Worldwide shipping available. 


Last but not least. I have the Sigma 20mm 1.4 Art Lens for Nikon for sale. It’s in near mint condition, cleaned and boxed up ready for a new owner. I am only asking $650 for it and will ship for free to anywhere in the USA. Contact me directly if you’re interested. The reason for selling is that I have another lens that covers the 20mm and I simply don’t need it anymore. 


Sigma fp review with images


Over the last 2 weeks I had the chance, thanks to Sigma, to get my hands on the “Worlds smallest, full frame camera” . The Sigma fp.  It’s about the same size as your smartphone but a little thicker. They had to make it deeper to put all the crazy bells and whistles inside. While this camera is, in my opinion, designed as a video/cine camera it also works amazingly well as a still photographers camera.

This is the very first mirrorless camera I have ever shot with. I admit I was a little nervous at first but it was much easier than I thought.


  • Super Low ISO’s down to 6!
  • Very small and lightweight – Epic travel camera
  • Super Easy to use
  • Fantastic image quality up to 3200 ISO
  • Some lenses are smaller and lighter than their DSLR equivalents
  • Files are fast and easy to work with
  • 24mp Full Frame
  • 60-500 seconds in camera for the lower expansion ISO’s
  • Solid Build
  • Designed to be fully customizable


  • No flip screen on back of camera
  • Really small camera for those with bigger hands – a grip would solve this
  • Color noise in underexposed images.
  • Image Stabilization only available in jpg modes
  • HDR only in jpg modes
  • IS and HDR can not be used at same time


Sigma fp c43900

I had the chance to use this camera here in Colorado as well as on a trip to Kansas to photograph the largest running locomotive, Union Pacific’s Big Boy 4014. I shot in some extremely cold temps but nothing that would be considered warm. The weather was very cold over the last couple weeks which made me worry about the battery life. I was surprised to see the battery last as long as it did.  I did not count image to see how many I got off one charge but I can say for me that having 2 or 3 batteries would be enough to last me all day shooting.  This was nice to see since the camera does not have an EVF or eye piece.  Everything is done right from the back of the camera in live view.



The info on the back of the camera is well laid out and easy to read. One thing I really love about this camera is that the histogram is one of the display options on the screen.  Having the histogram and the level on the same screen was great for me. I teach people that the histogram is the scientific proof of how much data you are or are not collecting in your image. Being able to see the histogram and how it changes based on your ISO, Shutter Speed and Fstop was really nice. I didn’t have to take a shot, look at it and then adjust. I could just dial up the histogram so that my exposure was correct every time!

Sunrise Path
Chatfield Sunrise, Sigma fp, Sigma 14-24mm at 23mm 


I’ll be very honest here, the real reason I wanted to try this camera was because of the ISO going down to 6. Yes, 6 ISO. I don’t think there is another camera out there that has an ISO that low. This meant that I could shoot long exposures in the daylight, I did not need any filters and the image quality would be amazing.  What I did not know at the time was that the lower ISOs – Below 100 – had longer shutter speeds available to them as well. At ISO 6 you can shoot for 500 seconds, that’s crazy!!! It totally makes sense though. Why would any camera company give you the option to shoot at an ISO that low and then limit your shutter speed to 30 seconds…So I had to try this for myself.  I went into Denver where I knew I could see the skyline and hopefully get a nice sunrise. I arrived before it was light so I could take full advantage of the super low ISO and the super long shutter speed.

Denver 5001
Sigma fp, Sigma 45mm, ISO 6, f/16, 500 seconds

I fell in love. As someone who loves the lower ISO’s and longer shutter speeds, I was in heaven. I had to try more…so I did… in the snow and some very cold temps.

Cold Morning at Nymph
Sigma fp, Sigma 45mm, ISO 6, F/5, 60 seconds. 

My goal on this morning was to shoot Dream Lake under a partial moon and shoot sunrise as well. When we got up to Dream Lake the wind was blowing at least 100mph. Those of you who have been there know it’s like a wind tunnel at times. This particular morning was nothing less than brutal. I stood on the ice as the wind pushed me around like an ice skater. I knew there was no way I was going to set up a little camera on a tripod and expect to get any kind of decent shot. We decided to head back down to Nymph Lake in Rocky Mountain National Park where we were partly protected by the wind. It was still very cold out!  Once again I cranked the ISO down to 6 and used a 60 second shutter speed to completely smooth out the clouds. I liked how the clouds formed the same shape as the tree line. Yes, there are some trees moving because of the wind but the details on the face of the rock, Hallett Peak, are amazing.

Moraine Valley
Sigma fp, Sigma 45mm, ISO 100, F/10, 1/160th 

After leaving Nymph Lake I headed into the meadow where I captured this stream in front of the mountains with a wave cloud over it. The light was nice and the camera handled the highlights and shadows without fail.

Sigma fp, Sigma 14-24mm, ISO 100, F/2.8, 1/800th second handheld. 

On a walk with my dog, I decided to try and see how well the focus points worked. This is the one things that is touch activated on the back of the screen. If I were to press down and focus, then I could simply touch the back of the screen where I wanted it to focus and it would bring up all the points where I could change it to. In this image I was able to move the focus all the way over to my dog’s eye. My dog doesn’t like to look at the camera so a side profile is the best I’m gonna get!

Sigma fp, Sigma 45mm, ISO 100, F/2.8, 1/125th second handheld 

Anytime I get some new camera equipment the first thing I do is test it out on my daughter. She hates having her picture taken. I think I have ruined her.  Knowing the fine details of hair, eyebrows and eyelashes I knew she would be the perfect subject so that I could get a great idea of how well the new Bayer sensor was going to perform. I took the shot, zoomed in and was blown away with the details. The ISOs from 100 down to 6 are very smooth and creamy but retain a lot of fine details.



Chatfield Snow
Sigma fp, Sigma 45mm, ISO 100, F/5.6, 1/500th second

Whenever it snows, I always go over to the lake near my home. The Fall colors were over for the most part but a tiny bit were hanging on. It was snowing when I shot this and it wasn’t until I got home that I realized I had actually photographed a deer walking in the snow in this image. I did not see the deer when I pressed the shutter. I loved the intimate details in the image from the background all they way to the front of the image where the snow is falling and actually out of focus because it’s so close.

Foggy Creek

Later in the afternoon I ventured over to this little stream/waterfall and found these bubbles floating down from the bridge. It was fairly bright out but with this camera I wasn’t worried…I just cranked it down to ISO 6, F/22 and shot for 2 seconds. That was enough time to allow the bubbles to move and create a sense of motion.

Sigma fp, 14-24mm, ISO 200, F/5, 1/400th second – top image is in camera HDR, bottom image is a single image. 

This past weekend I headed to Kansas to photograph the “Big Boy 4014” Locomotive that was touring across the USA as part of the 150th Anniversary of the Transcontinental Railroad’s Completion.. I thought this could be once in a lifetime opportunity to see it in action.  When I arrived in Kansas I found this old church next to a museum and thought this would be a perfect place to test out the HDR feature in the camera. I set it to shoot + and – 2 along with a normal image and then combine them all. The top image is the HDR image and the bottom image is a single image metered the best I could get with the white conditions.  Because the HDR is only able to be used in Jpg mode it doesn’t have the latitude for post processing as a DNG file. With the DNG file I was able to recover a lot of details in the shadow area without any issues with noise at 64 ISO.

Sigma fp, Sigma 45mm, ISO 1600, F/5.6, 1/80th second handheld 

In Wallace, Kansas is “The Bank” it’s an old bank that has been converted on the inside to a coffee shop/antique shop. I met the owner and enjoyed a cup of hot coffee on this cold morning while I snapped some shots on the inside at higher ISOs. I had nice soft light coming in the window on the left and it really made the image look very natural. I was extremely happy with how ISO 1600 was working.

Inside the Bank
Sigma fp, Sigma 45mm, ISO 3200, F/2.8, 1/250th second handheld 

I loved all these old farm and tractor signs hanging behind the antique cash register. I thought they would make a good case for a higher ISO. Generally with higher ISO’s they tend to lose color as the ISO gets higher. I felt this one came out very natural based on the lighting inside the shop. The greens, reds, yellows and blues all came across nicely. Even upon close review ISO 3200 is really nice and very usable. Just for kicks I ran this image through Topaz DeNoise and it came out super clean in the areas that did have a little extra noise. That being said. I would print images shot at ISO 3200 out of the Sigma fp.

Ride To Church
Sigma fp, Sigma 14-24mm, ISO 100, F/7.1, 1/200th second handheld 

A fun image for sure with a wide angle lens. When I saw this little cart on the train tracks I knew I wanted to shoot it with the church. My reason for this was to see how well the camera would balance the white of the snow and church with the yellow of the cart. As you can see here it did a great job. The yellow stayed very natural and the white stayed white without greying out. I feel this Bayer sensor in the fp was a great choice.

Midnight Rest
Sigma fp, Sigma 45mm, ISO 400, F/5, 4 seconds

Big Boy arrives in Sharon Springs, Kansas for an overnight maintenance stop. When I arrived in the afternoon there were still quite a few people around the train. That wasn’t my idea of an image I wanted to capture. I checked into my hotel about 5pm and at 1:30am I got up and went to down to the station to find myself alone with this beast. I talked to the police officer who was “on guard” and he was really nice telling me I could get a close as I wanted to do photography. I told him the moon was going to be rising soon and that I wanted a shot of the moon over the train but he didn’t seem to care too much. From 1:30am – 3am I had the whole place to myself. I shot many image at lots of angles. This gentleman shows up and we talk for a while and then we go our separate ways to do more photography. I really wanted the moon rising over the train so I stepped back to include the tracks in the foreground and I noticed him down a ways shooting his own images. I normally don’t include people in my images but I felt he added a great sense of scale compared to the locomotive.

Sigma fp, Sigma 45mm, ISO 32, F/4.5, 40 seconds

Big Wheels
Sigma fp, Sigma 45, ISO 32, F/9, 100 seconds

In review, this camera was an absolute joy to work with. It takes crazy sharp images and allows the photographer to use super long shutter speeds without the need for a cable release or using the bulb setting. I was reviewing this camera as a backup, travel camera and it fits the bill perfectly. For still photography this camera has most everything you need and it can be fully customized as well. I see a lot of people picking this camera up to take on longer trips when packing a 44lb camera bag isn’t going to work well. I know as I get older I am always looking at ways to downsize my gear and what I take on each trip. I found a lot more positives to this camera than I did negatives. One of the positives is that some of the lenses for this camera (L-Mount) are smaller than their DSLR Counterparts. As you can see below, the Nikon lens is almost a pound heavier than the Leica L mount. The L mount is also smaller. So if weight is really an issue for you in your travel and adventures, I would highly recommend you taking a good hard look at this camera. Because it’s such a small camera you can also get away with a smaller tripod too.
Screen Shot 2019-11-25 at 1.44.51 PM
Now in all fairness let’s talk about some of the things I would like to see improved in the next version or a firmware update.
  • Articulating screen on the back of the camera. This is something I would have loved to have since the camera is so small. I mentioned this to Sigma and they agree and said that many other photographers had mentioned the same thing.  The camera is so small that doing reflection shots at ground level seems like an obvious thing to do. Without the screen being able to tip up means you need to get down to ground level too.
  • I did notice some color noise in underexposed images when I tried to boost the shadows on ISO’s over 400. I am guessing this is to be expected, I’d just like to see a bit less.
  • IS and HDR only work in jpg mode. I think IS should work in RAW or DNG mode too.  If you have a lens that has IS on it then this is not an issue for you. I am only talking about the electronic IS in the camera.

The 3 issues above are not deal breakers for me in anyway.  I would never base my decision to purchase a camera on the fact that HDR or IS don’t work with RAW files. As long as you expose your images properly the color noise should not be an issue. Having the screen be able to flip out would be super nice but I could be happy with the camera without it.

When I am testing out a camera the main things I look for are image quality, ease of use. I shoot all my images in Manual so I adjust the settings myself. Being able to do this easy is a key for me. The Sigma fp made it super simple. They even have a quick select button that, when pressed, it brings up 8 of your basic settings like ISO, File type, Metering, WB and aspect ratio. F stop is controlled by the dial on the top right of the camera or the lens itself as with the 45mm. The shutter speed is controlled by the dial on the back right side of the camera. These can be changed to your liking as well.

I would be thrilled to take this on a longer trip with me overseas where I am walking around cities and doing some night photography. Using a smaller travel tripod would be perfect with this camera and I would not need to sacrifice image quality.

I look forward to using this camera again in the near future!

Thank you for taking the time to read my blogs.  I am always happy to answer any questions you may have. Please feel free to drop me a line by filling out the form below.  I am going to include a bunch of links fo you to check out if you’re so inclined. Thanks again

Sigma fp Camera

Sigma 45mm Lens

Sigma 14-24mm L Mount ART

Robus Tripods

RRS BH55 Ball Head

2020 Night Photography Workshops

Bandon, Oregon Workshop Feb 2020


Robus Tripods and Night Photography

IMG_7545 2

There is no doubt about it, you have to have a tripod when shooting at night.. None of us can handhold the camera for 1 second or longer. If you can, please show me!  We teach about 10 night photography workshops a year and see all kinds of tripods. Big heavy ones, little ones that look like toothpicks and some medium sized ones.  In all honestly, some people are very new to night photography and their little tripod does well for them when they are traveling and working in daylight conditions.

After finishing up our May workshops I knew it was time for me to get a new set of tripod legs.  I wanted light weight yet solid. twist grips on the legs, something that wasn’t too tall and wouldn’t break the bank.

I am not sure where, but I saw an ad for Robus Tripods and at the time thought they looked like a good fit for my shooting style. I didn’t think much of it until it was time to upgrade my tripod legs.  I did a bit more research and didn’t find them on any social media sites. Instagram only has a few #Robustripod tags so I decided to reach out to the company and see about the possibility of working together. I did not need their biggest, most expensive tripod. Just something that worked great and and fit my needs. I ended up getting the Robus RC Vantage Series 3 5558

IMG_7515 4

When I think about tripods, I think about how they will work at night. Generally, when shooting sunrise, sunset or during the day the exposures are not that long and therefore it’s not as crucial to have a really solid tripod as it is to have one at night. Often times our exposures are anywhere from 10 seconds to an hour or more. This really gives a lot of time for things to happen. Wind is a big issue with night photography and needs to be taken into consideration when shooting the night sky. If you’re shooting and winds are gusting it’s pretty natural for you to want to grab your tripod and hold it down. This works well if you are already holding it before the exposure starts and you hold it all the way through the shot.  If you feel wind and grab your tripod during the exposure there is a good chance that your image wont be as sharp as you like.  After having shot in the wind quite a bit over the last week I have realized that this tripod works pretty well even in gusty winds. That makes me a pretty happy camper.

When stability is key so that your images are as sharp as possible you want to keep your camera as close to the tripod base as possible. This means you don’t want your center column extended very far if at all. I recommend purchasing a tripod that has a short column or no column at all. The Robus does not have a center column but can be purchased separately if you really want one.  I, personally, like the fact that my camera is extra solid on the tripod because I don’t have a center column. When choosing a tripod size be sure to not use the center column height to help you determine if the tripod is right for you. I would suggesting going off the base height and then figure in the ballhead height and the distance from the base of your camera to the eyepiece.


Design and functionality are also important. You don’t want to be out in the dark fiddling around with your tripod while your friends are all shooting already. You want to keep things simple and easy to use. I love the design of the legs and how they extend out to get the camera even more solid. You simply pull the silver lock out and then you can move the legs freely to the desired width. I also love the twist locks for the leg extensions. In the past I have owned tripods that that had clamp locks and I found they jammed too easy and were a pain to clean. The twist locks make for simple extension and retraction in just a second or 2.


I like and sometimes need to get my tripod into odd positions to get a shot. This is where I really like Robus’ decision to make this tripod without a center column as well as make the legs go out almost flat. For both landscapes and nightscapes this is a real benefit.


Having a larger base at the top with the legs on the outside make the tripod very easy for me to hang my camera bag on the oversized hook in between the legs. On my last tripod the legs were mounted under the base and my Mindshift 36L did not fit. Why do I hang my almost 40lb camera bag under my tripod when I am shooting?  Added stability. By doing this it does 2 things.. It keeps my gear all in one place and it adds a whole other level of solidness that you can’t get by doing anything else. This allows me to shoot in really windy conditions without worry. I know my images are gonna be razor sharp no matter how long I am shooting.  Because I can spread the legs nice and wide, I can put the bag on the hook and even if the wind moves the bag a little I still don’t have to worry about the camera moving during the exposure.


Your tripod should fit in or on your camera bag to help keep your hands free during hiking. Trying to carry your gear in your hands isn’t all it’s cracked up to be. Too many chances to have something happen and the gear get’s broke or damaged.  At the same time you don’t want to put a huge tripod on your little camera pack. They should fit each other well and it should wear well when you’re hiking or walking.  I did several hikes in Utah over the last couple months and found that I didn’t even know the tripod was on my back. It fit really well. Balance was good and it’s easy on easy off.

You may notice the white tape on the legs and ask what that’s for. It’s glow in the dark tape so that I can see where my tripod is in the dark without having to turn on lights.  Even if you only shoot at night occasionally, I highly recommend it.  You can get it on Amazon.  I checked all of my local hardware stores and no one had it.


In review – things to look for when purchasing a tripod for night photography

  • short or no center column
  • proper height
  • legs that extend wide
  • legs on the outside of the base, not under it
  • Hook to hang your bag for added stability
  • Twist lock leg sections
  • Carbon Fiber – Weight

Had Robus and I not been able to work something out, I would have still purchased this tripod and I would have been thankful that I did.  I like to keep a $500 budget for my tripods and this one fits right into that amount without going over.

Robus is owned by B&H Photo and the Gradus Group

Thank you for taking the time to give this a read. I appreciate it and look forward to more blog posts in the near future.

Links where you can read more about the products and my work


Workshop Season in Full Swing


That went fast. It seems like just yesterday we were finishing up our last Night Photography workshop of 2018. Getting home taking a break and making final plans for the 2019 season and now it’s here.  I was in Moab, Utah last week kicking off the first workshop of the season.  I had a great group of students who were passionate about learning all they could about night photography.

Sharkfin MIlky Way
Nikon D850 – Sigma 14mm 1.8 Art

It’s possible that this may be the last year we are allowed to use Low Level Lighting to illuminate our foregrounds. The Parks are proposing a change to this rule that will ban all forms of artificial lighting except when moving from one location to the other.  I don’t want to start a discussion about that on my blog, I am simply stating what I have heard and seen in emails from the Parks.

Low Level Lighting is one of the things we love to teach so that our students can go out after the workshop and do it on their own in their own hometowns or when they travel.

If the ban does come into effect for the 2020 season we do have a plan. Another aspect of our classroom training during the workshop is Planning and Scouting. We teach you how to plan your shot based on what you want to accomplish. Next year is when we will be putting into practice what we have been teaching and using ourselves for years. We don’t want our students going home with great skies and black foregrounds. We want nicely lit foregrounds to go with our wonderful skies. This is something we will plan for before setting the dates for 2020.

Path to the Milky Way
Nikon D850 – Sigma 20mm 1.4 Art

The above image does not use any Low Level Lighting. All the light you see is natural. These are techniques we teach so that you can make the most from any shooting situation. Just because the skies are dark and there may not be any moonlight does not mean you can’t get great images. It just takes a little more time in the field shooting but the results are well worth the effort.  Do you think this image would look as good if the entire foreground was just dark?

Corona Pano
Nikon D810 – Sigma 20mm 1.4 Art – 6 vertical images stitched for pano

Corona Arch is a fairly popular spot but because it’s outside the National Parks near Moab, it sees much fewer people at night than other places like Delicate Arch. On this particular night we took our group up during a time when we had good moonlight. We timed it so that we could hike up in the moonlight, get set up and then the moon would set and the skies would get dark. I shot this image just as we arrived and our students were getting set up to help show what kind of illumination you can get from the moon. Once your eyes adjust in the moonlight it’s actually pretty easy to see and only minimal light should be used for safety reasons. This really allows us to have our senses be in tune with what is around us and it causes our hearing to be more sensitive as well.

Nikon D850 – Sigma 50mm 1.4 Art

What is the absolute most crucial part of Night Photography? Yes, it’s focusing (right after safety)  and how to properly focus in the dark. It doesn’t do you any good to go out in perfect conditions only to come home with blurry images. To the untrained eye it may be hard to see if your images are in focus or not just by looking at the back of the LCD on your camera. We teach you how to properly focus in the dark so that you get sharp images every time. There are a lot of things you can fix with Photoshop but an out of focus image isn’t one of them!

Nikon D810 – Sigma 20mm 1.4 Art – Image is at 300% crop

Part of our classroom training focuses on Noise Reduction, it’s actually a fairly big part of the classroom training because, let’s be honest, who wants to go out and shoot awesome scenes at night only to end up with grainy and noisy images….Not me!  While I can’t take all the credit for figuring out some of the techniques we teach, I can say I do a lot of trial and error work to find the best and most efficient ways to do them. If you look on the right side of the image above you will see what looks like confetti sprinkled on the image. Now, look at the left side and you wont see it. You may be asking yourself, “how long did it take him to remove all that with the clone took or healing brush?” The answer, about 5 seconds max and I did not use either one of those tools…  We want the fun of photography to be out in the field, in nature, photographing the scenes you love without having to worry about spending countless hours cleaning up your images once you are home. We show you how to do this and in fact it’s so easy you’ll probably be mad at us because we don’t take longer to explain the process…trust me when I say the process is only 5 mouse clicks from start to finish!

Moab Group 2018 September

Arches Group May 25 2017

Mike and I love our workshop groups. Many of the students take multiple workshops with us in various locations as we expand our locations over time. Before we even released our 2019 Yellowstone workshop we had 3 students who were on a workshop in Moab sign up.

I am home now till the end of April when I head back to Moab for 2 weeks to help teach 5 back to back workshops.  We have filled 59 of 60 spots and have 1 spot left on our May 9-13th Night Photography Workshop

We also have some openings in June as well as August and September. These months make it a bit easier on the body since the Milky Way is up right after sunset.  We sure hope you will consider joining us under the starry skies.

I love hearing your feedback, questions or comments so please feel free to use the contact box below.


Links to products used in the making of these images.

Sigma Lenses

Nitecore Lights

Nikon Cameras